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Alt.horror.werewolves - The Resource FAQ

How To Use This FAQ Collection

The Frequently Asked Questions file has been broken up into three major parts. The first is the Core FAQ, containing the most basic questions about AHWW, and is intended to acquaint the reader with the newsgroup and its purpose. It has been drastically shortened and simplified so that the reader can get the gist of the group without having to read through the other two parts. The second part is the Resource FAQ, containing the various bits of information and minutia collected over the years by AHWW members. It contains the various ways held to effect physical shifting, humor, Internet resources, books, songs, movies and other media relating to shapeshifters, and much more. It is interesting but rather lengthy. The third part is the collection of MiniFAQs, the essays pertaining to various phenotypes of shapeshifter and the legends specific to them. All three parts will be available from a variety of locations, but only the first part will be posted regularly on AHWW. The other two may be gotten by emailing KATMANDU@NEGIA.NET; via anonymous ftp to ftp://ftp.negia.net/users/katmandu; or on the web at http://www.negia.net/~katmandu/ahww.html. The resource FAQ contains many other locations the files may be found. Additions, suggestions, gripes and kudos should be sent to the keeper of the FAQ, KATMANDU@NEGIA.NET.

Introduction to The Resource FAQ

The resource FAQ is divided into four basic sections: Multimedia, with books, songs, games, and video information; Fun, with various silly bits the group has come up with, as well as information on costuming; Changing, with collected information on ways to physically shift and become "un-cursed"; and Odds & Ends, with various names for shapeshifters, Internet resources, furries, and a blank werecard.

Multimedia Games about shapeshifters

There have been but a sad few video games dealing with shapeshifters in past years. Following are some excerpts from AHWW discussing those few out there:

: A few years ago, I heard of a video game out on the struggling Sega CD : system entitled "Wolfchild." It was said to have a five-minute long : introductory story, including a PS. Does anyone have this game? If so, was the : PS worth watching?

I had said game on the Amiga. It was okay, one of the better platformers I've played, with a nice PSing scene - lightning strikes kid, lightning lifts, wolf's head reappears. :)

If you've played Brutal Paws of Fury, there's a character called Kendo. A coyote actually, but still very canine.

There was an old 8-bit Nintendo game simply entitled "Werewolf." (I think I mentioned this in a post before... God, do I have to get a life or what?)

I recall a C64 game called werewolf in london or something. I remember trekking round the underground trying not to get 'lectricuted in my hunt for crosses anyway ... :)

Also, there's a PC game called ... called ... begins with an E ... Ecstatica! That's the one! That's a pretty freaky game actually, lots of atmos. Cool beasties, if not particularly pleasant. Check it out ;)

Hey... anyone remember a game called "Altered Beast?" It was an arcade game, but I think they also did a home VG version.

I Also Have Wolfchild for Sega and On an Amiga format its from JVC and also used copies float around. Another is Werewolf "The Last worrior" Have that in Nintendo format but would like a Sega version myself.

Songs about shapeshifters

There are generally very few songs specifically about shapeshifters per se; but there are LOTS of songs that either evoke a certain mood that some find conducive to shifting, or seem to deal with the subject in some manner. Everybody's got their favorites... here's the list we've come up with so far, in no particular order, and far from final (note that these are taken from many sources, and the original authors' comments have been left in):

Warren Zevon - "Werewolves of London" (the classic. If this isn't on the *Wolf* soundtrack, somebody screwed up)

Metallica - "Of Wolf and Man" (overplayed album, but great song)

Cure - "The Hanging Garden" (from *Pornography*, easily their best album; dark and really creepy)

CCR - "Bad Moon Rising" ('nuff said)

Belly - "Low Red Moon" (Tanya Donnelly. sigh...)

Joe Satriani - "Big Bad Moon" (vocals almost a growl. Cool.)

Golden Earring - "Clear Night Moonlight" (showing my age, I guess, but it is a cool song)

Sisters of Mercy - "This Corrosion" (on days like this/ in times like these/ I feel an animal deep inside / heel to haunch on bended knees...)

Rush - "By-Tor and the Snow Dog" (distorted growling sounds & and an epic battle. What more could you want?)

Grateful Dead - "Dire Wolf" (don't murder me)

Sam the Sham and the Pharoes - "Little Red Riding Hood"

There are several songs by Glenn Danzig that deal with werewolves/lycanthropy, such as "Am I Demon" ("Am I beast or am I human/Am I just like you?").

Also, Glenn Danzig's "Black Aria"... one particular song deals with shapeshifters; the whole album is fantastic for setting a dark mood. Instrumental.

Venom - "Cry Wolf"

Sting - "Moon over Bourbon Street" from the Dream of the Blue Turtles album. Liner notes say that it's inspired by Anne Rice's "Interview with a Vampire", but there's a wolf howl there right in the last few seconds... and it sets a great mood.

Duran Duran - "Hungry Like the Wolf"

A-Ha - "Cry Wolf"

Ozzy Osborne - "Bark at the Moon"

Nine Inch Nails - "Closer"

Genesis - "White Mountain"

The Cult - "She Sells Sanctuary", Howling Mix--one of oodles of remixes of this well worked song, it is almost eight minutes long. It begins with electronic howls and has two of those howls inserted into the song at varying points. No other wolf connections directly, but still a neat song, and the howls are great. The lyrics are hard to make out, and just as hard to understand even when you do read them printed out. This song is not on any album, but is available in England on a single off She Sells Sanctuary, or on a CD entitled "The Love Mixes." In the US, it is only available as an import, so be ready to special order and shell out. Also, "Brother Wolf, Sister Moon" of the _Love_ album, this song is a must hear for any lycanthrope out there.

Walter Egan - "Full Moon Fire" Mtv used to show it around '82 or so. Pretty typical crappy video, but has the singer watching "The Wolf Man" in a movie theatre and turning into a Lon Chaney Jr. type o' wolfman. Also, although the song has nothing to do with werewolves, Real Life's "Send me an angel" featured a wolfman riding around in the woods on a horse (note: this is the original, not "Send Me an Angel '88" or whatever it was).

The Tragically Hip - "I'm a Werewolf Baby" Also pretty obscure and only noteworthy due to the title.

David Bowie - "Cat People" by from the Cat People Soundtrack. I think this one should be pretty obvious.

Coil - "Snow-The Drift Mix" from the single of the same title. Very evocative industrial track simulating a snowstorm and the first song I ever heard which really provoked much of a response.

Siouxsie and the Banshees - "The Lighthouse". In one portion of the song all you can hear is the growling of the rest of the group in the background.

Seraphim Gothique

Swans - "Jane Mary cry one tear" and "Mother/father"(and others) Even though everyone knows Michael Gira is an ancient vampire, he's written a few songs about werewolves. Also, Jarboe's howl on "Mother/father" is rather nice. "Let it come down" also mentions shapeshifters in one verse.

Syd Barrett - "Rats" A bit of creative interpretation, not hard to do since the man was way off his rocker, and this is all about werewolves. Btw "Wolfpack", like at least half of Syd's songs, is about vampires.

Cranes - "Leaves of summer" I can't understand a word of it, but it's the best song I've ever heard, and therefore has to be about werewolves.

Sunshine Blind - "Is there" (and most everything else) There's no need to explain this to anyone who has heard it, and if ya haven't, ya should.

Current93 - "KillyKillKilly (a fire sermon)" This is all about militant misanthropic weres. The rant in it has caused me to shift before. Other C93 pieces may also be on lycanthropic themes ("To feed the moon", perhaps?) but it's very hard to tell.

Curve - "Doppelganger" It doesn't make too much linear sense, but with all these shapeshifting - related lines, it's more than a bit difficult to ignore.

Colourbox - "Tarantula" (also covered to good effect by This Mortal Coil.) Take the word 'tarantula' out of the chorus (maybe it was planted there for deception...) and the song is applicable to all shapeshifters.

KMFDM - "Brute" I won't vouch for this one, but a friend of mine who's listened to it many more times than me maintains it's about lycanthropy and the accelerated healing powers of weres.

Miguel Bose - "Como un lobo (Like a wolf)". Romantic (Yuk!) but good for you were girlfriend: A Werewolf fall in love and describe him girlfriend like only a wolf know.

La Union - "Un hombre lobo en Paris ( A werewolf in Paris )" This song is based in the novel "The wolf- man" and talks about a imaginary trip of Denise (a wolf that can convert in human) to Paris.

The Werewolves - "Hollywood Millionaire," (RCA 11283)--a late '70s/early '80s track off the group's rather unsuccessful album "Ship of Fools."

The Wolf Man - "Strange" (Okeh 7269)--1950s blues.

The Five Man Electrical Band - "Werewolf" (Polydor 14221)-Spring 1974 rock song.

The Fourth Way - "Werewolf" --early 1970s "progressive" album, with all tracks being instrumental performances.

The Frantics - "Werewolf" (Dolton 16)--Winter 1960 instrumental from the Pacific Northwest. Charted nationally at #83.

The Wolfmen "Watusi Beat" (Bobbette 380)--1987 psychedelic rock in the '60s tradition.

Christian Death - "Hour of the Wolf" This is by the Rozz Williams version of C. Death, so the lyrics make no sense, but the word "wolf" occurs quite often and there's lots of wolves howling and growling.

Pain Teens - "Bannoy" A highly disturbing story of an abused little boy who thinks he's a dog... a were horror story that will scare even weres.

The Cramps - "Teenage Werewolf" occasionally seen under the name "(I Was a) Teenage Werewolf." Rereleased on Elvira's Hallowe'en compilation. I've never heard it in its entirety-sorry.

Books about shapeshifters

Non-fiction first; then the fiction stuff. Like all the lists, this is far from complete; feel free to email me and suggest new entries. Phaedrus's excellent list of transformation stories, available from ftp.halcyon.com as /local/phaedrus/translist/translist.text; and a much nicer HTML version at "http://www.halcyon.com/phaedrus/translist/translist.html"; is not included in this shortened FAQ due to space limitations.

  • Non-Fiction

Shamanism. Mircea Eliade. A basic reference on shamanism all over the world. Also Michael Harner's Way of the Shaman (I think that's the right title).

Seek out also The Celtic Shaman by John Matthews [Element books, ISBN 1-85230-245-3]; note that the totemic animals used in this may be unfamiliar to those grounded in the North American tradition. [Celtic shamanism tends towards salmons, eels, boars, dogs, badgers etc rather than bears and wolves and ravens...]

Wolves and Werewolves. John Pollard (c) 1964 Robert Hale Ltd (UK) PB 1991 ISBN 0-7090-4388-0. Tales of Wolves and Werewolves in history going back as far as the 10th Century up to 1990.

The Illustrated Werewolf. Stephen Jones. Titan books. Sells for $24.95. It's broken down by decades starting with silent movies. There's also a section in the back covering television shows and episodes. It doesn't just cover werewolves though. Any transformation of man (or woman) into any animal is listed. It even covers foreign films.

Transformations by the editors of Time-Life Books. (I know, I know; just trying to be thorough.) Time- Life Books, c1989

A Lycanthropy Reader : werewolves in Western culture. Edited by Charlotte F. Otten Syracuse University Press, 1986

Were-wolf and vampire in Romania. Harry A. Senn. East European Monographs, 1982

The werewolf : in legend, fact, and art. Basil Copper. St. Martin's Press, 1977

Human-wolves among the Navajo. William Morgan. Human Relations Area Files Press, 1970

The Werewolf. Montague Summers. University Books, 1966

Man into Wolf: an anthropological interpretation of sadism, masochism, and lycanthropy. (Sounds interesting, eh?) Robert Eisler. Philosophical Library, 1952

Zoological Mythology or The Legends of Animals. Angelo de Gubernatis (1978 reprint of an 1872 text). New York: Arno Press LC Call #: GR825.G9.1978

El perro negro en el folklore. Rafael Jijena Sanchez. Ediciones Dolmen, 1952

Greek Wolf-lore. Richard Preston Eckels. Philidelphia, 1937

Vampires, werewolves, and demons : twentieth century reports in the psychiatric literature. Richard Noll. Brunner/Mazel, 1991

The Werewolf of Ponkert. H. Warner Munn. Grandon Co, 1958

The Story of Werewolves. Thomas G. Aylesworth. McGraw-Hill, 1978

The Beast Within. Adam Douglas. (1992, London).

PY: 1989
LA: FRENCH; NON-ENGLISH
CP: FRANCE
AB: After a short historical review of the contemporary medical literature,
the authors analyze a new and original observation of lycanthropy. He is a 28
years old man, imprisoned for deadly violence, who has been showing, for many
years, the belief of being transformed into a werewolf during
depersonalization episodes when he presents a lycanthropic behaviour. Our
observation is closer to hysteria and mythomania on an antisocial personality,
although it seems difficult to place the mental pathology of this alcoholic
recidivist delinquent into a nosographical frame.
MESH: Adult-; English-Abstract; Psychosexual-Disorders-psychology MESH:
*Delusions-psychology; *Personality-Disorders-psychology
TG: Case-Report; Human; Male
PT: JOURNAL-ARTICLE; REVIEW; REVIEW-OF-REPORTED-CASES
AN: 90054739
UD: 9002

TI: The social biology of the werewolf trials [letter; comment] CM: Comment
on: J R Soc Med 1989 Jan;82(1):37-9
AU: Russell-WM; Russell-C
SO: J-R-Soc-Med. 1989 Jun; 82(6): 379-80
ISSN: 0141-0768
PY: 1989
LA: ENGLISH
CP: ENGLAND
MESH: Great-Britain; History-of-Medicine,-16th-Cent.; History-ofMedicine,17th-
Cent.
MESH: *Delusions-history; *Mythology-
TG: Human
PT: COMMENT; HISTORICAL-ARTICLE; LETTER
AN: 90040618
UD: 9002

TI: Werewolves down under--where are they now? [see comments] CM: Comment
in: Med J Aust 1990 Apr 16;152(8):448
AU: Yellowlees-PM
AD: Broken Hill Base Hospital and Health Services, NSW.
SO: Med-J-Aust. 1989 Dec 4-18; 151(11-12): 663-5
ISSN: 0025-729X
PY: 1989
LA: ENGLISH
CP: AUSTRALIA
MESH: Anthropology,-Cultural; Australia-; History-of-Medicine,Ancient; History-
of-Medicine,-Medieval; History-of-Medicine,-16thCent.; History-ofMedicine,-
17th-Cent.; History-of-Medicine,-19thCent.; History-of-Medicine,20th-Cent.;
Porphyria-psychology; Psychotic-Disorders-history
MESH: *Psychotic-Disorders-psychology
PT: HISTORICAL-ARTICLE; JOURNAL-ARTICLE
AN: 90081505
UD: 9003

TI: Werewolves, vampires and cannibals.
AU: Fahy-T; Wessely-S; David-A
SO: Med-Sci-Law. 1988 Apr; 28(2): 145-9
ISSN: 0025-8024
PY: 1988
LA: ENGLISH
CP: ENGLAND
MESH: *Cannibalism-; *Mental-Disorders;
*SuperstitionsTG: Human
PT: JOURNAL-ARTICLE; REVIEW; REVIEW,-TUTORIAL
AN: 88260757
UD: 8810
TI: Werewolves down under--where are they now? [letter; comment] CM:
Comment on: Med J Aust 1989 Dec 4-18;151(11-12):663-5
AU: Berkley-R
SO: Med-J-Aust. 1990 Apr 16; 152(8): 448
ISSN: 0025-729X
PY: 1990
LA: ENGLISH
CP: AUSTRALIA
MESH: Australia-epidemiology; Mythology-
MESH: *Art-; *Delusions-epidemiology
TG: Human
PT: COMMENT; LETTER
AN: 90231210
UD: 9008

TI: Another case of lycanthropy [letter]
AU: Jackson-PM
SO: Am-J-Psychiatry. 1978 Jan; 135(1): 134-5
ISSN: 0002-953X
PY: 1978
LA: ENGLISH
CP: UNITED-STATES
MESH: Guilt-; Middle-Age
MESH: *Aggression-; *Delusions-psychology; *Libido-;
*PsychoticDisorderspsychology
TG: Case-Report; Human; Male
PT: LETTER
AN: 78058473
UD: 7803
SB: AIM
TI: A case of lycanthropy.
AU: Rosenstock-HA; Vincent-KR
SO: Am-J-Psychiatry. 1977 Oct; 134(10): 1147-9
ISSN: 0002-953X
PY: 1977
LA: ENGLISH
CP: UNITED-STATES
MESH: Body-Image; Delusions-therapy; Middle-Age; Projection-
; Schizophrenia-therapy; Sex-Disorders-diagnosis
MESH: *Delusions-diagnosis; *Schizophrenia-diagnosis TG:
CaseReport; Female; Human; Male
PT: JOURNAL-ARTICLE
AN: 77264354
UD: 7712
SB: AIM
TI: Lycanthropy revisited.
AU: Surawicz-FG; Banta-R
SO: Can-Psychiatr-Assoc-J. 1975 Nov; 20(7): 537-42
ISSN: 0008-4824
PY: 1975
LA: ENGLISH
CP: CANADA
MESH: Adult-; Delusions-drug-therapy; Delusions-history; Depersonalization
Disorder-drug-therapy; Hallucinations-drug-therapy; Lysergic-Acid-Diethylamide;
Schizophrenia,-Paranoid-complications; Superstitions-; Thioridazine-therapeutic
use; Trifluoperazinetherapeutic-use
MESH: *Delusions-etiology; *Depersonalization-Disorder-etiology; *Organic-
MentalDisorders,-Psychotic-complications; *Psychoses,Substance-Induced-
complications TG: Human; Male
PT: JOURNAL-ARTICLE
AN: 76090124
UD: 7605

TI: Lycanthropy: a review [see comments]
CM: Comment in: J R Soc Med 1989 Jun;82(6):379-80
AU: Fahy-TA
AD: Bethlem Royal and Maudsley Hospital, London.
SO: J-R-Soc-Med. 1989 Jan; 82(1): 37-9
ISSN: 0141-0768
PY: 1989
LA: ENGLISH
CP: ENGLAND
MESH: Delusions-history; History-of-Medicine,-Ancient; History-ofMedicine,
Medieval; History-of-Medicine,-15th-Cent.; History-ofMedicine,-16th-Cent.;
History-of-Medicine,-18th-Cent.; History-ofMedicine,-19th-Cent.; History-
ofMedicine,-20th-Cent.; MythologyMESH: *Delusions-
TG: Human
PT: HISTORICAL-ARTICLE; JOURNAL-ARTICLE; REVIEW; REVIEW,-TUTORIAL AN:
89178392 UD: 8907

TI: Multiple serial lycanthropy. A case report.
AU: Dening-TR; West-A
AD: St Crispin Hospital, Northampton, UK.
SO: Psychopathology. 1989; 22(6): 344-7
ISSN: 0254-4962
PY: 1989
LA: ENGLISH
CP: SWITZERLAND
AB: A case is described who exhibited lycanthropy during an acute
psychotic illness. During a short period she experienced herself as four
different species of animal, an occurrence not previously reported. The
phenomenon of lycanthropy is most appropriately regarded as a delusion,
but the abnormal subjective experience is stressed, not just the falsely-
held belief.
MESH: Adult-; Affective-Disorders,-Psychotic-diagnosis; Animals-; Diagnosis,
Differential
MESH: *Affective-Disorders,-Psychotic-psychology; *Delusionspsychology;
*Hallucinations-psychology
TG: Animal; Case-Report; Female; Human
PT: JOURNAL-ARTICLE
AN: 90311541
UD: 9010

TI: A lycanthropic murderer [letter]
AU: Benezech-M; De-Witte-J; Etcheparre-JJ; Bourgeois-M SO: Am-J-Psychiatry.
1989 Jul; 146(7): 942
ISSN: 0002-953X
PY: 1989
LA: ENGLISH
CP: UNITED-STATES
MESH: Adult-; Antisocial-Personality-Disorder
MESH: *Delusions-; *Depersonalization-Disorder; *HomicideTG: Case-Report;
Human; Male
PT: LETTER
AN: 89300931
UD: 8910
SB: AIM

TI: Lycanthropy: alive and well in the twentieth century. AU: Keck-PE; Pope-
HG; Hudson-JI; McElroy-SL; Kulick-AR
AD: Epidemiology Laboratory, McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA 02178. SO: Psychol
Med. 1988 Feb; 18(1): 113-20
ISSN: 0033-2917
PY: 1988
LA: ENGLISH
CP: ENGLAND
AB: Lycanthropy, the belief that one has been transformed into an animal (or
behaviour suggestive of such a belief), has been described by physicians and
clerics since antiquity, but has received scant attention in the modern
literature. Some have even thought the syndrome extinct. However, in a review
of patients admitted to our centre since 1974, we identified twelve cases of
lycanthropy, ranging in duration from one day to 13 years. The syndrome was
generally associated with severe psychosis, but not with any specific
psychiatric diagnosis or neurological findings, or with any particular
outcome. As a rare but colourful presentation of psychosis, lycanthropy
appears to have survived into modern times. MESH: Adolescence-; Adult-;
Delusions-complications; Delusions-drugtherapy; Electroencephalography-;
Factitious-Disorderscomplications; Psychotic-Disorders-complications
MESH: *Delusions-psychology
TG: Case-Report; Female; Human; Male
PT: JOURNAL-ARTICLE
AN: 88204005
UD: 8808
TI: Lycanthropy lives on.
AU: Coll-PG; O'Sullivan-G; Browne-PJ
SO: Br-J-Psychiatry. 1985 Aug; 147: 201-2
ISSN: 0007-1250
PY: 1985
LA: ENGLISH
CP: ENGLAND
MESH: Aged-; Aggression-; Delusions-therapy; ElectroconvulsiveTherapy
MESH: *Delusions-diagnosis; *Depersonalization-Disorder-diagnosis TG: Case
Report; Female; Human
PT: JOURNAL-ARTICLE
AN: 86001205
UD: 8601
TI: [Animal metamorphosis (lycanthropy) still exists]
AU: Sirota-P; Schild-K; Ben-Zui-Levi-Y; Elitzur-A
SO: Harefuah. 1994 Jan 16; 126(2): 88-91
ISSN: 0017-7768
PY: 1994
LA: HEBREW; NON-ENGLISH
CP: ISRAEL
MESH: Animals,-Wild; Carnivora-
MESH: *Delusions-
TG: Animal; Human
PT: JOURNAL-ARTICLE; REVIEW; REVIEW,-TUTORIAL
AN: 94193070
UD: 9407

TI: A partial form of lycanthropy with hair delusion in a manicdepressive
patient.
AU: Verdoux-H; Bourgeois-M
AD: University of Bordeaux, France.
SO: Br-J-Psychiatry. 1993 Nov; 163: 684-6
ISSN: 0007-1250
PY: 1993
LA: ENGLISH
CP: ENGLAND
AB: A 45-year-old man was admitted with a hair growth delusion and
depressive symptoms. The delusion persisted for three years and disappeared
after a manic episode. This odd delusion has some similarities with
lycanthropy.
MESH: Antipsychotic-Agents,-Phenothiazine-administration-and-dosage;
Antipsychotic-Agents,-Phenothiazine-therapeutic-use; Delusions-drugtherapy;
Depressive-Disorder-drug-therapy; Hypochondriasis-drugtherapy; Lithium-
Carbonateadministration-and-dosage; LithiumCarbonate-therapeutic-use; Manic-
Disorder-drugtherapy; Middle-Age; Phenothiazines-administration-and-dosage;
Phenothiazinestherapeuticuse; Psychiatric-Status-Rating-Scales
MESH: *Delusions-complications; *Depressive-Disorder-complications;
*Hypochondriasis-complications; *Hypochondriasis-diagnosis; *ManicDisorder
complications
TG: Case-Report; Human; Male
PT: JOURNAL-ARTICLE
RN: 0; 0; 3546-03-0; 554-13-2
NM: Antipsychotic-Agents,-Phenothiazine; Phenothiazines; cyamemazine; Lithium
Carbonate
AN: 94129957
UD: 9405
TI: [Anorexia and lycanthropy ++: grandiosity and fall]
TO: Anorexie et lycanthropie: grandeur et decadence. AU: Vedie-C; Poinso-F;
Hemmi-F; Katz-G
AD: Hopital La Colombiere, Montpellier.
SO: Ann-Med-Psychol-Paris. 1993 Mar; 151(3): 285-9
ISSN: 0003-4487
PY: 1993
LA: FRENCH; NON-ENGLISH
CP: FRANCE
MESH: Anorexia-classification; Anorexia-diagnosis; History-ofMedicine,-19th
Cent.; History-of-Medicine,-20th-Cent.; Mythology-; Psychiatry-history;
Psychotherapy-
MESH: *Anorexia-history; *Delusions-history
TG: Female; Human; Male
PT: HISTORICAL-ARTICLE; JOURNAL-ARTICLE
AN: 94079209
UD: 9403
TI: Psychopharmacology of lycanthropy.
AU: Davis-WM; Wellwuff-HG; Garew-L; Kydd-OU
AD: Orphan Drug Research Institute, Jefferson, Miss.
SO: Can-Med-Assoc-J. 1992 Apr 1; 146(7): 1191-7
ISSN: 0008-4409
PY: 1992
LA: ENGLISH
CP: CANADA
AB: OBJECTIVE: To develop pharmacotherapies for the orphan disease
lycanthropy through the pursuit of the etiologic hypothesis of a genetically
determined hypersecretion of endogenous lycanthropogens. DESIGN: Quadruple-
blind, Rubik's Cube matrix analysis. SETTING: Community practice and
malpractice. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects selected
from inbred Ruficolla populations in Mississippi, Georgia, North Carolina and
Minnesota. All who entered the study finished it. INTERVENTIONS: Chemical
screening of blood samples over a hypothesized secretory cycle of
lycanthropogen peaking on the day of maximum lunar illumination.
Administration of synthetic lycanthropogens for behavioural testing.
Experimental lycosomatization through the illumination method of Kirschbaum.
OUTCOME MEASURES: None were post hoc, but some are still in hock. MAIN
RESULTS: Two putative lycanthropogens were isolated from the blood samples.
Structural elucidation and synthesis permitted animal and clinical trials; in
each of these, behavioural dysfunction was observed. Antilycanthropogen
strategies included application of the principle of caged compounds and
generation of a therapeutic immunoglobulin. The effects of a newly developed
antihirsutic agent seemed promising. An interaction of the lycanthropogen-
secretion system and ethanol was noted, which may explain behavioural aspects
of alcoholism. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of lycomania in North America is
underestimated. Soon-to-be-available pharmacotherapies should promote its
early detection and treatment. Full control may depend upon advances in gene
therapy.
MESH: *Delusions-; *Wit-and-Humor
TG: Human
PT: JOURNAL-ARTICLE
AN: 92208802
UD: 9207
SB: AIM
TI: [The delusion of lycanthropic transformation] TO: El delirio de
transformacion licantropico.
AU: Rojo-Moreno-J; Rojo-Moreno-M; Valdemoro-Garcia-C; Rojo-Sierra-M AD:
Facultad de Medicina, Valencia.
SO: Actas-Luso-Esp-Neurol-Psiquiatr-Cienc-Afines. 1990 Sep-Oct; 18(5): 327-31
ISSN: 0300-5062
PY: 1990
LA: SPANISH; NON-ENGLISH
CP: SPAIN
AB: The authors describe one case of Lycanthropy and revise the literature
about this theme. They observe that Lycanthropy has received scant attention
in the
modern literature, but appears to have survived into modern times. In some
cases the patient (as a Delusion) has the belief that he has been transformed
into an animal. In other cases there appears only what seems to be behaviour
of an animal. About the first group, the authors make a phenomenological
analysis and present a clinical case of Lycanthropic delusion. MESH: Adult-;
AntidepressiveAgents-therapeutic-use; AntipsychoticAgents-therapeutic-use;
Delusions-drugtherapy; Delusions-psychology; Depression-etiology; English-
Abstract; Hirsutismpsychology; SelfConcept; Social-Isolation
MESH: *Delusions-
TG: Case-Report; Human; Male
PT: JOURNAL-ARTICLE; REVIEW; REVIEW-OF-REPORTED-CASES
RN: 0; 0
NM: Antidepressive-Agents; Antipsychotic-Agents
AN: 91150521
UD: 9106
TI: Lycanthropy and demonomania: some psychopathological issues. AU: Koehler-
K; Ebel-H; Vartzopoulos-D
AD: University Psychiatric Clinic, Bonn, West Germany.
SO: Psychol-Med. 1990 Aug; 20(3): 629-33
ISSN: 0033-2917
PY: 1990
LA: ENGLISH
CP: ENGLAND
AB: Modern reports on lycanthropy mainly concentrate on the content of
patients' beliefs in being transformed into an animal. By contrast, an
interest in the form of the symptomatology is usually
minimal. This paper draws on Karl Jaspers' phenomenological views and focuses
on some important albeit neglected psychopathological issues related to form
which are relevant to any comprehensive consideration of lycanthropic
phenomena. MESH: Awareness-; Reality-Testing; Self-Concept
MESH: *Delusions-psychology; *Depersonalization-Disorder-psychology; *Magic-;
*Manic-Disorder-psychology
TG: Human
PT: JOURNAL-ARTICLE; REVIEW; REVIEW,-TUTORIAL
AN: 91046496
UD: 9102
TI: Lycanthropy and self-identification.
AU: Kulick-AR; Pope-HG Jr; Keck-PE Jr
AD: Department of Psychiatry, McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts 02178.
SO: J-Nerv-Ment-Dis. 1990 Feb; 178(2): 134-7
ISSN: 0022-3018
PY: 1990
LA: ENGLISH
CP: UNITED-STATES
AB: Lycanthropy, an unusual psychiatric syndrome involving the delusion of
being an animal, usually occurs as a transient symptom of severe psychosis. A
review of the historical and modern medical literature, as well as of
contemporary anthropological reports, suggests multiple etiologies for
lycanthropy, including seizure disorders and use of psychotomimetic drugs. A
clinical illustration is presented in which the delusion of being an animal in
human form has persisted for over 15 years and has been refractory to
treatment. The authors speculate that disturbances of self-identity may
combine with neurological abnormalities to produce some cases of this
syndrome.
MESH: Adult-; Delusions-drug-therapy; Delusions-etiology; Delusionstherapy;
Psychotherapy-; Psychotic-Disorders-complications; Psychotropic-Drugs
therapeutic-use
MESH: *Cats-; *Delusions-; *Ego-
TG: Animal; Case-Report; Human; Male
PT: JOURNAL-ARTICLE; REVIEW; REVIEW-OF-REPORTED-CASES
AN: 90132623
UD: 9005
SB: AIM

The Beast Within - Animals in the middle ages . Joyce E. Salisbury. Routledge, 1994
ISBN:0-415-90769-1
Cost me about 12 pounds sterling [make that $20]. It's basically an analysis of the human perception of animal forms since about the 10th century, from religious, sexual, social and economic standpoints. The bit at the end 'humans as animals' and "what is a human", are IMHO really rather good; certainly changed *my* way of looking at myself in the traditional sense as a human, to the way I feel now, which is much more animal-centered.

Werewolf: a true story of demonic possession. Ed Warren.
Apparently about a man who was "possessed" by a wolf spirit, which is exorcised by a Catholic priest. On the back cover, they describe seeing him change, yet with the included photos, there is not one picture of said change. Methinks they were just trying to sell books with a little hype. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992

Curse of the Werewolf. Tim Kelly. Dramatic Pub. Co., 1990

The werewolf miracles. Oberon Press, 1976

Animal Spirits. Nicholas J. Saunders. Macmillan/Duncan Baird Publishers, 1995
ISBN: 0-333-63846-8
Price: 9.95 pounds sterling.
A strange book; at first it starts with a discussion of "the shared world" the way animals have been perceived by humans, discusses soulflight, animals in heraldry, hunter and hunted, food, animal-related beliefs, shamanism etc. Then the second part has specific sections on animals [bat, jaguar, wolf, dog, shark, fish, bear etc]. The third part is a gazetteer of animal beliefs from around the world. But this book's 2-page definition of Werewolves is in the section "Imaginary Beasts". Huh! So *I* am a figment of somebody's imagination, am i?? Anyway, the picture to go with the Werewolf ('Cannibal, or Werewolf' by Cranach the Elder) is worth it, just for all those severed limbs, heads etc! A useful introduction.... and a good list of references at the back too!

Of Wolf and Man. Barry Lopez .
It is technically only about how people think of wolves and have reacted to wolves throughout history, with only a few chapters on werewolves(which are fairly dry repititions of legends from the dark ages) but the multi-faceted, mysterious view of the wolf it gives is FANTASTIC, especially the stuff about how native americans see the wolf, and the way the wolf is presented as an intelligent being that we can never really classify or understand, but that evokes deep feelings in the human soul.

Dance of the Dolphin. Candace Slater.
This book is a collection of recently-gathered and supposedly recently happening stories of weredolphins along the amazon river. Apparently some people there still believe that they have witnessed weredolphin transformations, recently, not in the 17th century or anything, and a lot of them. Unfortunately the author goes deep into psychology trying to explain why so many people have these delusions, and treats the subject as if all these were delusions. It is the only book I know of that has this many supposedly-true recent were stories.

The White Goddess . Robert Graves. (Faber & Faber) Subtitled
A historical grammar of poetic myth. This is one of my favourite books. It's more a research into pre-Christian religion than anything else. But a riveting read.

The Golden Bough. Sir James Frazer. (Wordsworth Reference) and MacMillan & Co.)
This book was published first in 1890. A lot of Robert Graves' source material comes from this book.

The Woman's Encyclopedia of Myth and Secrets. Barbara Walker ( Harper & Row)
This is a feminist approach of most myths legends, saints and sinners. There is an interesting couple of pages under the heading Werewolves.

I found an interesting collection of folk tales in the Children Section of my local library. Published by the Oxford University Press and retold by different authors, the come under the general heading of Myths and Legends in Paperback. About sixteen titles. Myths and legends from Africa, Amenia. China. England, France. Gemany, Hungary, India, Japan, Persia, Russia, Scandinavia, Scotland, Turkey, West-India etc. Another Oxford Paperback, "The Tain" translated by Thomas Kinsella treats the story of Cuchulain, the Ulster Hero. (For the American among you. Ulster is Northern Ireland) Cuchulain means the Hound of Culain. Culain was a smith who had a dangerous dog which had to be kept down with three iron chains held by three strong men each. The boy Setanta killed the dog in a fight. The smith was heart broken and Setanta made up by becoming a watch dog until the next bag of pups was raised. That's how he got his name Cuchulain. The story is pre-Christian and more for adults than for children.

The Mabinogian, translated by Gwyn Jones and Thomas Jones. (Everyman's Library) Those are very old stories and legends from Wales. A whole population is transformed into mice. It's a classic.

There are many Irish Fairy tales on the market. I haven't found werewolves in them but men and woman who are animals by night and people by day or vise versa. Seals, dogs, cats etc. For some it was because of a curse, some because they have special powers and the rest just as a matter of fact without any explanation.

The Wolf-man and Sigmund Freud [#88 in the series "The International Psychoanalytical Library"] Author: Muriel Gardiner (ed.) Pub: The Hogarth press and the Institute of Psychoanalysis, 1972 ISBN: 0-7012-0355-2

Silverwolf writes:
I recently found, under the Wiccan section of a book store near where I live, a book set, called The Moon Box which contains Were chants and spells as well as other were information. I dont know that these work, but I'm very happy with my choice to buy the set in any case. It's $29.95 for 4 hard cover books and a box for them. The address of the company is:
Chronicle Books
275 Fifth Street
San Francisco,
CA 94103

Deerdancer, The Shape Shifter Archetype in Story and in Trance. Michele Jamal
She apparently has a book called Shape Shifters, too. This one goes into depth in many archetypes -- bear shifters, wolf shifters, buffalo, seal, deer, and even tree and deity shifters.

Shadowfox offers this list of kitsune related books:

Shadowfox offers this list of kitsune related books:
Kiyoshi Nozaki - Kitsune: Japan's Fox of Mystery, Romance and Humor
-  (This book is an *EXCELLENT* source for Kitsune information.)
Yei Theodora Ozaki - The Japanese Fairy Book - ISBN# 0804808856 - 1970
(Houghton Mifflin?)
Hadland Davis - Myths & Legends of Japan - ISBN# 0486270459 - Dover, 1992
Grace James - Green Willow & Other Japanese Fairy Tales - ISBN# 0517632101 -
Crown Pub/Avene Books, 1987
W. Aston - Nihongi - ISBN# 0804809844 - Tuttle Co., 1972 
(Japanese history & myth)
? Philippi - Kojiki - Princeton Univ. Press, 1969 - Dewey# 915.2 
(Japanese history & myth)
Carmen Blacker - The Catalpa Bow - ISBN# 0043980082 - Boston, Allen & Unwin, 
1986  (Japanese Shamanism & animals)
Andrew Lang - The Violet Fairy - Dewey# 398.21 - McGraw-Hill, 1967
(Various tales including Japanese - not sure if fox related)
John Ferguson - Japanese Mythology - Dewey# 299.51 - pub by Marshall Jones 
Co., 1928 and by Cooper Square Publishers (could also be under
author Masaharu Anseki)
Juliet Piggott - Japanese Mythology - ISBN# 0911745092 (pbk)and 0600021130 - 
Harper & Row, 1969 - Dewey# 299
Kunio Yanagita (or Fanny Mayer) - Japanese Folk Tales - Dewey# 398.21 - 
Toykeo, 1954
Kengi Hamada (or A. Ueda) - Tales of Moonlight and Rain - ISBN# 0048231169 - 
Tokeyo, 1971 - Dewey# 895.6
* - Japanese Fairy Tales - Hillside Press, 1962
Lafcadio Hearn - Japanese Fairy Tales - ISBN# 0848602188 - Dewey# 398.2 - 
Core Collection Books, 1979
Hayao Kawai - The Japanese Psyche - ISBN# 0882143360 - Dewey# 298.2 - Spring 
Publications, 1988 (Japanese views on its culture and folklore-fox 
related?)
Stephen Addiss - Japanese Ghosts & Demons - ISBN# 0807611263 and 0807611255- 
University of Kansas, 1985 - Dewey# 704.9 (artwork)
Reiko Chiba - The Seven Lucky Gods of Japan - Tuttle Co., 1966 (assuming the 
tie between white foxes as the messangers of the Rice god Inari 
Richard G Smith - Ancient Tales & Folklore of Japan - ISBN# 1859580793 - 
Senate, 1995
Teresa Williston - Japanese Fairy Tales - Rand McNally, 1911

Whither Werewolf? by Lilith Silverhair (Llewellyn's Magical Almanac, 1997)

Fiction

Naked came the Sasquatch. John Boston. Published by TSR but amazingly good for a first novel. VERY humorous, although alas Mr Boston sometimes repeats characterization to the word, and there is a gap in the storyline. Still worth the reading. And yes, despite the title, there are werewolves in it.

Steppenwolf. Herman Hesse. It's fiction, but man does he have the anguish of a dual soul thing down. Vlad seconds this motion too...actually I mentioned the book to her, and then she asked me if it was in the FAQ, and we agreed that if it wasn't, it oughta be.

Moon of Three Rings
Year of the Unicorn
The Jargoon Pard
-all by Andre Norton
In the first, a space trader gets transformed into the body of a wolflike creature called a barsk at the hands of a woman of a Gypsylike people. The second features a were-snow leopard, a half-breed of a shape- shifting people who falls in love with a witch, and the third is about a were-leopard who turns out to be the witch's and snow leopard's son. Everything works out in the end -- Andre Norton is addicted to happy endings.

Darker Than You Think. Jack Williamson. An old but classic science-fiction novel in which shapeshifters are the last remnants of an ancient race that once ruled humans.

Chronicles of the Cheysuli. Jennifer Roberson. A series about a people who are bound to one animal, or more, into which they can transform, and with they are in close psychic contact. The first was Shapechangers, and I think there were a total of 8.

Wheel of Time Series. Robert Jordan. I think he's up to 4 or 5 books in the series now. One of the main characters, Perrin, is a lycanthrope of some sort. He can communicate with wolves, sees through their eyes, and is in constant danger of turning into one permanently...

Silver Bullet. Stephen King.

Lord of the Ring series. J.R.R. Tolkien. (Beornings are werebears)

Wolf Moon. Charles de Lint, published by Signet in 1988, ISBN 0-4515487-8 Good story about a werewolf who is being hunted by an evil harper (yup, the were is the good guy :]), and by sheer luck escapes him. He ends up in a place he may be able to find some happiness if he keeps his were nature a secret. He's already had some BAD experiences with what happened when non-weres found out what he is. Then the bad guy shows up and things go to hell in a handcart for a while. It ends up okay in the end, but there are some interesting insights into the psychology of being a were and letting others know it. Harder than the hobbs of hell to find now though, but worth the search I think.

Larry Niven has written a series of short stories oriented more towards fantasy with lycanthropes of the 'heroic' or 'mind of a beast' mindset. One of these is "The Lion In His Attic" which concerns a were- sealion and can be found in the compilation Limits (ISBN 0-345-32142-1).

Michael Moorcock's Elric book Revenge of the Rose has as the second story Esbern Snare, Tale of the Northern Werewolf. While it's portrayal of lycanthropy is still curse-oriented, still a good read.

Blood Trail. Tanya Huff. Second in a series of fantasy/murder mysteries, this one involves something that's been killing all of Canada's werewolves...

The Ultimate Werewolf. I think Dell published this excellent collection of modern short fiction about werewolves.

Wolfen. Whitley Streiber. They made a movie out of this too. The main creatures aren't quite were, but they're not quite wolves, either, and there's some cool stuff about Native Americans performing shapechanging rituals.

Elsewhere. Will Shetterly. Part of the Borderlands shared world series, in a place where Faery and the modern world meet. This one's about a boy who ends up getting cursed into becoming a Weredog.

Drums Around the Fire. From White Wolf; a book of legends & tales told to the Garou of the Werewolf game around the sacred fire by a number of authors

BTW, Nancy A. Collins' Wild Blood does have several hot scenes, and some sexual stuff also appears in S.P.Somtov's Moondance.

Striper Assassin. Nyx Smith. One of the main characters, Striper, is a weretiger, and a hired assassin for a Mage named Adama. Point of interest: at one time, she goes to a club run by Werewolves. To prove she's Were, she cuts herself, then heals it with her saliva. Very good portrayal of Weres, IMO. Esp. the Wolves :), even if they are only featured once.

The werewolf of Fever Swamp. R.L. Stine. (adolescent)

The St. Andrews werewolf: a Liz Austen mystery. Eric Wilson. (adolescent)

Werewolf: horror stories of the man-beast. Peter Haining. (a collection)

The werewolf trace. John Gardner.

Werewolf! edited by Bill Pronzini

Ladies of horror; two centuries of supernatural stories by the gentle sex. Seon Manley. (adolescent)

The compleat werewolf, and other stories of fantasy and sf. Anthony Boucher

The werewolf principle. Clifford Simak. (adult/adolescent)

The Wild. Whitley Strieber. The Wild is essentially about a man whose desire to escape the Kafkaesque nature of his life is the catalyst for his transformation into a sentient wolf. Also, one of the best endings of a werewolf novel I've read.

Saint Peter's Wolf. Michael Cadnum. A psychiatrist whose life is falling apart discovers hope in the form a mysterious new lover and a strange pair of silver fangs. Extremely good book that questions every assumption people have about lycanthropy.

Wilderness. Dennis Danvers. The story centers around a young woman learning to control her life and her lycanthropy for the first time when she falls in love with her new neighbor. This book is actually more of a love story than a horror novel.

Animals. John Skipp and Craig Spector. The crown princes of splatterpunk pull out all the stops in this surprisingly good novel with one overriding theme: "Lycanthropy is no excuse for being an asshole." The story and the characters have a refreshingly bluesy feel to them, aided and abetted by the Pennsylvania rust-belt setting and the blues music that permeates everything.

Lycanthia. Tanith Lee. Very very hard to find but an excellent book. A young lord returns to his family estate and discovers that the "horrible monsters" living in his woods are neither, but graceful and very sensual werewolves. Quietly erotic book with a sad ending.

Heart Beast. Tanith Lee. Her "raving beast" book, here a young man is cursed to become a werewolf after gaining possession of a diamond with a flaw shaped like a running wolf. The werewolf here acts as a symbol of male sexuality, which simultaneously awakens and oppresses the main female character's own sexual nature until it's destruction.

The Wilding. Melanie Tem. (1992; ISBN 0-440-21285-5; Abyss line of Dell Publishing). Follows a family of matrilineal werewolves outside Denver.Focus is on coming-of-age ritual where youngest member learns what she is and what it means. Really cool!

Howling Mad. Peter David. ISBN 0-441-34663-4. This book has a thoroughly marvelous premise: a wolf gets bit by a werewolf and turns into a man at every full moon and is completely pissed off about it! It's a *lot* of fun to read.

The Nightwalker. Thomas Tessier. ISBN 0-330-26225-4. This is one of my favourite novels about a very sympathetic character who happens to be a werewolf. Highly recommended.

The Bloody Chamber. Angela Carter. ISBN 0-14-012837-9. This collection of short stories is notable for including the very Jungian tale, "The Company of Wolves", which the movie of the same name was based on, as well as another short story, The Werewolf.

Moon of the Wolf. Leslie Whitten. ISBN 0-380-00285-X. Whitten wrote good old fashioned, straight- ahead horror stuff. This is a fairly classic and somewhat predictable Hollywood-style werewolf tale, but it's entertaining.

Snow White, Blood Red. Eileen Datlow & Terri Windlin. (eds.) ISBN 0-380-71875-8. This is one of those books that's becoming popular nowadays where a bunch of writers get together and do up modernized, adult versions of classic fairytales. This volume includes a pretty good story by Wendy Wheeler called "Little Red".

The Lays of Marie de France. Penguin Classics edition. ISBN 0-14-44476-9. This is a collection of late 12th century French poetry which includes the classic tale of lycanthropy, Bisclavret.

Rod Serling's Triple W: Witches, Warlocks, and Werewolves. Serling, Rod, ed. New York: Bantam Books, 1963.

Prince of Wolves. Susan Krinard. Prince of Wolves is a standard "Romance" novel. If you aren't in to the feisty heroine, broody hero, "heat of their passion was like a thousand suns burning" sorta soft-porn prose then stay clear. On the other paw, it's a well written example of the genre and the brooding hero is quite a fine example of a "good" werewolf. I recommend the book but good luck finding it... romance novels have a short shelf life. (Her second book is also a romance, this one with some untraditional vampires. _Prince of Dreams_. Not as good and void of weres but okay for a romance...)

The Beast WIthin - Erotic Tales of Werewolves.

The Wild One. Marion Zimmer Bradley. In a collection of short stories called The best of Marion Zimmer Bradley, edited by Martin Greenberg...pub. 1985.

The Orphan. Robert Stallman. New York, Pocket Books, 1980 The Captive. by Robert Stallman (surprise!), 1981 The Offspring

The_Jaguar_Princess Claire Bell. It's "a Tor.Book/published by Tom Doherty Associates, Inc." and was copywrighted 1993. The.ISBN number is 0-812-51516-1. The Library of Congress Card Catalogue number is 93-25920.

Thor. Wayne Smith. (Ballentine Books, 1992) Primarily aimed at mass adolescent market, but still interesting to older folk. Werewolf character is, alas, straight out of ravening Lon Chaneyesque I-just- can't-help-myself-gotta rend serial killer mold, but what makes book interesting is that it's told from perspective of family dog. Nice stab at canine psychologizing, dog/human/were interaction. Definitely worth a read, if only for the immortal line, 'I'm the moon's indentured servant'. Nice, eh?

I believe there's a Tanith Lee werewolf story (can't remember title off-hand, alas) in Don't Bet on the Prince, edited by Jack Zipes. Feminist Fairy Tales. The story might be reprinted elsewhere, perhaps in another were-story anthology. Nice little twist (with the accent on the 'twist') to Red Riding Hood. And of course, being Tanith Lee, gorgeously tactile writing.

Werewolf of Paris. Guy Endore. Very well-written, tho again the unfortunate were in question is of the reluctant Jack-the-Ripper type. Lots and lots of werewolf lore distributed in rather scattershot fashion throughout--alomst as tho the guy (Guy) is telling us, 'look, I did my homework!' Still, a fab read for the gothic fan particularly. Kind of the 'Dracula' of werewolf novels.

The Crossing. Cormac McCarthy (Vintage, 1994). Not technically a werewolf story, but might be interesting to weres. First part of the book (set in New Mexico in the 1930's) deals with a boy who is responsible for trapping wolf that is killing cattle on family ranch. He ends up trying to return her to her original range in Mexico. Along the way he bonds with her in a very visceral fashion. Funny, heartbreaking, ravishingly lush prose/poetry a la Faulkner-almost *too* much sometimes, but who doesn't like to get a bit intoxicated on words? I know I do ('so much so, that truth to tell, I'm rarely sober'--thank you, Lord Peter Wimsey). IMHO, McCarthy should have ended the book after the first part with the wolf, but the rest of it makes for interesting reading as well.

Favorite Folk Tales from Around the World. Edited by Jane Yolen. (Pantheon, 1986) Has an entire section on Shapeshifter stories. *Wonderful* for telling, which is a special passion of mine.

My truly awesome best friend Joy gave me a book for Christmas and I thought I'd share it with you all. It's called Women Who Run With the Werewolves; Tales of Blood, Lust and Metamorphosis and is edited by Pam Keesey. It's put out by Cleis Press Inc., PO Box 8933, Pittsburgh, PA 15221 with a copyright date of 1996. ISBN is 1-57344-057-4 (paper). It's a book of short stories about female werewolves.

Predators, Eric Sauter. (C) by Black Wolf Inc. Publ: US: Pocket Books 1987 UK: Sphere Books Ltd. 1988 ISBN 0-7474-0007-5

Wolfcurse, Guy N. Smith. C) 1981 by Guy N. Smith Publ: NEL (New English Library) 1981 ISBN 0-450- 05158-7

The Howling, Gary Brandner. (C) 1977 by Gary Brandner Publ: Hamlyn Paperbacks (UK) 1978,78,79,80 (yes, twice printed in the first year) ISBN 0-600-34564-5

ShadowFox offers: Anyway I've got a few new things for those who like to read. Firstly in the current (December 96) Realms of Fantasy their Folkroots section is on nothing but shifters and weretype critters. They touch on a huge variety of different shifter legends from all over the world. Whats better is they also list good reference books for some/most of their info... If any one is interested I can either post or email the various list of books to ya.

Shadow of the Fox by Ellen Steiber. ISBN 0-679-86667-1 A Bullseye Chiller from Random House, pub 1994

And who could forget the Wolfriders in Elfquest? (WARP Graphics)

When Fox is a Thousand by Larissa Lai, Press Gang Publishers, Canada.

And, of course, Cheri Scotch's werewolf trilogy...

Either / neither / unknown

The Book Of Werewolves. Sabine Baring-Gould. 266 pages, paperback, published by Senate Books, Princess House, 50 Eastcastle Street, London, England ISBN 185958-072-6

Prince of Darkness. Gerald Verner. Rider and Co., 1946

Werewolves. Elliot O'Donnell. Methuen, 1912

I did not notice, though might have missed, a listing of the Satyricon by Petronius (d.AD 65) which has a great Werewolf story.

Shows and Movies about shapeshifters

"Werewolves on the Silver Screen" compiled by Wolfshadow (aka Dave Aftandilian)

MAIN SOURCES (first two provided most of the info):

_The Scream Factory_ #15 (Autumn 1994) -- werewolves in film review article by Lawrence McCallum 
[top-notch stuff!!]
     Donald Willis -- _Horror and Science Fiction Films: A Checklist_  (Scarecrow Press, 1972)[thorough, 
if opinionated, film notes]
_Fangoria_ #s 129 & 134 (July 1994)
Pierre Benichou -- _Horror et Epouvante dans la Cinema Fantastique_   (Collections Tetes d'Affiche PAL, 
1977)
Adam Douglas -- _The Beast Within_ (Chapmans, 1992)
Stephen Jones (ed) -- _The Mammoth Book of Werewolves_ (Carroll & Graf, 1994)   (introduction only)
_Imagi-Movies_ Vol. 1, #4, Summer 1994

 

ANNOTATED LIST OF FILMS:

The Werewolf (Canadian; 1913, Bison)
     DIRECTOR: Henry McRae
     NOTES: loosely based on Henry Beaugrand's story "The Werewolves".  Short in
     which a Navajo witch-woman transforms her daughter into a werewolf to seek
     revenge against invading whites.  Real wolf used in transformation scene.
     

The Wolfman (1915, Reliance-Mutual)
     NOTES: lost film

Le Loup Garou = The Werewolf (French; 1923)
     STARS: Jean Marau, Madeleine Guitty
-      NOTES: a priest curses a murderer, who becomes a werewolf
The Wolfman (1924, Fox)
-      STARS: John Gilbert, Norma Shearer, Eugene Pallette, etc.
     DIRECTOR: Edmund Mortimer
     NOTES: non-supernatural dual-personality melodrama

Wolf Blood (1925, Lee-Bradford)
     STARS: George Chesebro, Marguerite Clayton, Ray Hanford, etc. DIRECTOR:
     George Chesebro, George Mitchell
     NOTES: man turns "half-beast" after transfusion of wolf blood

The Werewolf (German; 1932)
     STARS: Magda Sonja, Vladimir Sokolov
     DIRECTOR: Friedrich Feher
-     NOTES: first talkie to feature a werewolf.  From the novel
     _Der Schwarze Mann_ by Alfred Machard.

The Werewolf of London (1935, Universal)
-       STARS: Henry Hull, Warner Oland, Valerie Hobson, Lester
     Matthews, Spring Byington, etc.
     DIRECTOR: Stuart Walker
     MAKE-UP: Jack Pierce
     SPECIAL FX: John Fulton
     NOTES: based on Oliver Onion's 1929 story "The Master of the House". First
     mention of "moon-flower" (Mariphasa) in film (?); but here it is the only
     antidote for lycanthropy, not its cause
     

The Wolfman (1941, Universal)
-     STARS: Lon Chaney Jr., Claude Rains, Evelyn Ankers, Bela Lugosi, Maria
     Ouspenskaya, etc.
     DIRECTOR: George Waggner
     MAKE-UP: Jack Pierce
      NOTES: the biggie.  Gotta love those crazy gypsies.  "Even a man whos
     is pure in heart..."

The Undying Monster (1942, Fox)
-       STARS: James Ellison, Heather Angel, John Howard, etc.
     DIRECTOR: John Brahm
- - NOTES: from the 1922 novel by Jessie Douglas Kerruish
- - - - -      

Terror House (UK; 1942, PRC/Pathe Pictures)
-      STARS: James Mason, Wilfrid Sutherland, Mary Clare, etc.
     DIRECTOR: Leslie Arliss
     NOTES: from a novel by Alan Kennington

The Mad Monster (1942, PRC)
- -  STARS: George Zucco, Anna Nagel, Johnny Downs, etc.
     DIRECTOR: Sam Newfield
     NOTES: man turned to werewolf by transfusion of wolf blood

Le Loup des Malveneur = The Wolf of the Malveneurs (French; 1943) STARS: Madeleine
     Sologne, Pierre Renoir, Gabrielle Dorziat DIRECTOR: Guillaume Radot
     

Frankenstein Meets the Wolfman (1943, Universal)
-      STARS: Lon Chaney Jr., Bela Lugosi, Patric Knowles, etc.
     MAKE-UP: Jack Pierce
     DIRECTOR: Roy William Neill

Return of the Vampire (1943/1944, Columbia)
     STARS: Bela Lugosi, Matt Willis, Nina Foch, etc. DIRECTOR: Lew
     Landers
     SPECIAL FX: Aaron Nadley
     NOTES: werewolf is the hero who kills vampire

House of Frankenstein (1944, Universal)
     STARS: Lon Chaney Jr., Boris Karloff, John Carradine, etc. DIRECTOR: Erle
     C. Kenton
     SPECIAL FX: John C. Fulton
-    NOTES: first film use of a silver bullet to kill the werewolf
- - - - -      

Cry of the Werewolf (1944, Columbia)
     STARS: Nina Foch, Stephen Crane, Osa Massen, etc.
     DIRECTOR: Henry Levin
     NOTES: first female werewolf in film

House of Dracula (1945, Universal)
-   STARS: Lon Chaney Jr., John Carradine, Onslow Stevens, etc. DIRECTOR:
     Erle C. Kenton
     SPECIAL FX: John C. Fulton

She-Wolf of London (1946, Universal;= UK The Curse of the Allenbys) STARS: June
     Lockhart, Don Porter, Lloyd Corrigan, etc. DIRECTOR: Jean Yarbrough
     

Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948, Universal)
     STARS: Bud Abbott, Lou Costello, Lon Chaney Jr., Bela Lugosi DIRECTOR: Charles
     T. Barton
     MAKE-UP: Bud Westmore
     SPECIAL FX: David S. Horsley, Jerome H. Ash

The Werewolf (1956, Columbia/Clover)
- - STARS: Steven Ritch, Joyce Holden, Don Megowan, etc.
     DIRECTOR: Fred F. Sears
- -  NOTES: serum turns accident victim into a werewolf
- - - - -      

I Was a Teenage Werewolf (1956/7, American International/Sunset) STARS: Michael
     Landon, Yvonne Lime, Whit Bissell, etc. DIRECTOR: Gene Fowler, Jr.
     

The Daughter of Dr. Jekyll (1957, Allied Artists)
- - STARS: Gloria Talbot, Arthur Shields, John Agar, etc.
     DIRECTOR: Edgar G. Ulmer
- - NOTES: vampire-like, scientifically-created werewolf
- - - - -      

How to Make a Monster (1958, American International/Sunset) STARS: Gary Clarke,
     Robert H. Harris, Paul Brinegar, etc. DIRECTOR: Herbert L. Strock
     NOTES: sequel to I Was a Teenage Werewolf

The Curse of the Werewolf (UK; 1961, Hammer)
     STARS: Oliver Reed, Richard Wordworth, Clifford Evans, etc. DIRECTOR:
     Terence Fisher
     MAKE-UP: Roy Ashton
     NOTES: Hammer's only werewolf film.  Based on Guy Endore's 1933 novel _The
     Werewolf of Paris_.
     

Werewolf in a Girl's Dormitory (Italian/Austrian; 1961/3, MGM/Royal; original
Lycanthropus; UK I Married a Werewolf)
-  STARS: Barbara Lass, Carl Schell, Maurice Marsac, etc. DIRECTOR:
     Paolo Hensch (aka Richard Benson)

La Loba = The She-Wolf (Mexican; 1964, Sotomayor/Azteca) STARS: Kitty de Hoyos,
     Joaquin Cordero, etc.
     DIRECTOR: Rafael Baledon

Face of the Screaming Werewolf (1965, ADP/Diana; merged footage from Mexican
originals La Momia Azteca, 1957 and La Casa del Terror, 1959)
     STARS: Lon Chaney Jr., Yolanda Varela, Yerye Beirute, etc. DIRECTOR:
     Gilberto M. Solares (Jerry Warren -- US) NOTES: first mummified werewolf in
     film (!)
     

Dr. Terror's House of Horrors (UK; 1965, Paramount/Amicus) STARS: Peter Cushing,
     Christopher Lee, Roy Castle, etc. DIRECTOR: Freddie Francis MAKE-UP: Roy
     Ashton
     SPECIAL FX: Ted Samuels
     NOTES: multi-story format; one has werewolf

Dr. Terror's Gallery of Horrors (1967, American General)
     STARS: Lon Chaney Jr., John Carradine, Rochelle Hudson, etc. DIRECTOR: David
     L. Hewitt
     

The Maltese Bippy = The Incredible Werewolf Murders (1969, MGM) STARS: Dan Rowan &
     Dick Martin (Laugh-In)
     DIRECTOR: Norman Panama
     NOTES: minor character werewolf on motorcycle

Blood of Dracula's Castle (1969, A & E Film Corp.)
-       STARS: John Carradine, Paula Raymond, Alex D'Arcy, etc.
     DIRECTOR: Al Adamson

The Ancines Woods OR The Wolfman of Galicia OR The Wolf's Forest = El Bosque de
Ancines OR El Bosque del Lobo (Spanish; 1969, Amboto)
     DIRECTOR: Pedro Olea
     NOTES: from a novel by Carlos M. Barbeito.  Epileptic murderer believed to be
     a werewolf.
     

Night of the Werewolf (1969)
     NOTES: in Daninsky series (see next)

Frankenstein's Bloody Terror (1970; original Spanish 1967/8 La Marca del Hombre
Lobo OR El Hombre Lobo cut for US release)
      STARS: Paul Naschy, Manuel Manzaneque, Aurora de Alba, etc. DIRECTOR:
     Enrique Eguiluz
     NOTES: begins series of films involving Waldemar Daninsky, a scientist
     afflicted with lycanthropy
     

Assignment Terror (1970, American-International)
- -  NOTES: released direct to TV.  In Daninsky series.
- - - - -      

The Werewolf's Shadow (original La Noche de Walpurgis German/Spanish; 1970, Atlas
International/Plata)
- - STARS: Paul Naschy, Gaby Fuchs, Barbara Capell, etc.
     DIRECTOR: Leon Klimovski = Leon Klimowsky
     NOTES: in Daninsky series

Fury of the Wolfman (original Spanish La Furia del Hombre Lobo; 1970, Maxper)
     STARS: Perla Cristal, Veronica Lujan
     DIRECTOR: Jose Maria Zabalza
     NOTES: in Daninsky series

Dr. Jekyll and the Wolfman (original Spanish Dr. Jekyll y el Hombre Lobo; 1971)
     NOTES: in Daninsky series

Werewolves on Wheels (1971, Fanfare Films)
-     STARS: Stephen Oliver, Severn Darden, D.J. Anderson, etc. DIRECTOR:
     Michel Levesque
     NOTES: werewolf biker gang -- 'nuff said

Moon of the Wolf (1972, ABC TV)
-       STARS: David Janssen, Barbara Rush, Bradford Dillman DIRECTOR:
     Daniel Petrie
The Vampires Are Coming! The Werewolves Are Here! (UK; 1972)
Curse of the Devil (original Spanish El Retorno de Walpurgis; 1973) STARS:
     Paul Naschy, Fabiola Falcon, Vidal Molina, etc. DIRECTOR: Carlos Aured
     NOTES: in Daninsky series
The Boy Who Cried Werewolf (1973, Universal) STARS:
     Kerwin Mathews, Scott Sealey DIRECTOR: Nathan
     Juran

The Werewolf of Washington (1973, Diplomat) STARS: Dean
     Stockwell

Scream of the Wolf (1974 ABC TV)
-    DIRECTOR: Dan Curtis (Dark Shadows)
The Beast Must Die (1974, Cinerama)
-   STARS: Peter Cushing, Anton Diffring
     NOTES: script based on James Blish's "There Shall Be No Darkness"; 1989
     video release titled Black Werewolf
     

Legend of the Werewolf (UK; 1974)
     STARS: Peter Cushing, Ron Moody, Roy Castle, Hugh Griffith DIRECTOR: Fred
     Francis
     

Night of the Howling Beast (original Spanish La Maldicion de la Bestia; 1975)
     STARS: Paul Naschy
     DIRECTOR: Miguel Iglesias Bonns
     NOTES: another in the Waldemar Daninsky series.  Daninsky meets the
     Abominable Snowman.
     

The Werewolf of Woodstock (1975, ABC TV)

Daughter of a Werewolf (Italian; 1976, Dialchi)
     STARS: Annik Barel, Frederick Stafford DIRECTOR:
     Rino diSilvestro
     

Wolfman (1979, EO Prod.)
     STARS: Earl Owensby

Wolfen (1980/1981)
     STARS: Albert Finney, Gregory Hines NOTES: from a
     book by Whitley Strieber

The Howling (1981, Avco-Embassy)
     STARS: Dee Wallace, Rob Bottin, Patrick MacNee, Chris Stone, Slim Pickins,
     Dennis Dugan, Robert Picardo
     DIRECTOR: Joe Dante
     SPECIAL FX: Rob Bottin
     NOTES: from novel by Gary Brander

An American Werewolf in London (1981, Universal) STARS: David
     Naughton, Jenny Agutter SPECIAL FX: Rick Baker
-   NOTES: first four-footed werewolf in film
-   

The Craving (original Spanish El Retorno del Hombre Lobo; 1981) STARS: Paul
     Naschy
     

Frankenstein Island (1983)
     STARS: Robert Clarke, Katherine Vicot, John Carradine, Andrew Duggan,
     Cameron Mitchell
     DIRECTOR: Jerry Warren
     NOTES: werewolf minor appearance

The Howling II: Your Sister Is a Werewolf (1984) STARS:
     Christopher Lee, Reb Brown, Ferdy Mayne DIRECTOR: Philippe
     Mora
     MAKE-UP: Steve Johnson

The Company of Wolves (UK; 1984, Palace)
- - STARS: Sarah Patterson, Angela Lansbury, Stephen Rea
     MAKE-UP & SPECIAL FX: Christopher Tucker
     NOTES: really twisted version of the Red Riding-Hood tale; different video
     copies said to have different endings
     

Silver Bullet (1985, Paramount)
     STARS: Gary Busey, Terry O'Quinn
     MAKE-UP & SPECIAL FX: Rimbaldi (of E.T. fame)
-       NOTES: based on Stephen King's "Cycle of the Werewolf"
- - - - -      

Teen Wolf (1985)
     STARS: Michael J. Fox

Teen Wolf Too (1987)
     STARS: Jason Bateman

The Monster Squad (1987, Tri-Star)

The Howling III (1987)
     DIRECTOR: Philippe Mora

The Howling IV: The Original Nightmare (1988)
     DIRECTOR: John Hough
     SPECIAL FX: Steve Johnson

The Howling V: The Rebirth (1989)

My Mom's a Werewolf (1989)

The Howling VI: The Freaks (1991)
     SPECIAL FX: Steve Johnson

Mad at the Moon (1992)
     STARS: Mary Stuart Masterson, Fionnula Flanagan, Hart Bochner DIRECTOR:
     Martin Donovan
     

Full Eclipse (1993, HBO)
     NOTES: digitigrade werewolf (in some scenes)

Wolf (1994, Columbia)
-       STARS: Jack Nicholson, Michelle Pfeiffer, James Spader
     DIRECTOR: Mike Nichols
     MAKE-UP: Rick Baker
      NOTES: the proof of the man is the soul within, not the beast without
- - - - -      

Howling VII (1994)
     DIRECTOR: Roger Nall
     SPECIAL FX: Roy Knyrim and Jerry Macaluso (SOTA FX)

RELATED FILMS:

Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde (various versions)

The Island of Lost Souls (1932, Paramount)
-      STARS: Charles Laughton, Bela Lugosi, Richard Arlen, etc.
     DIRECTOR: Erle C. Kenton
     NOTES: based on _The Island of Dr. Moreau_ by H.G. Wells.  Mad scientist tries
     to turn animals into humans.
     

Cat People (1942, RKO)
- - STARS: Simone Simon, Kent Smith, Jane Randolph, etc.
     DIRECTOR: Jacques Tourneur

The Leopard Man (1943, RKO)
     STARS: Dennis O'Keefe, Margo, Jean Brooks, etc.
     DIRECTOR: Jacques Tourneur
-      NOTES: from the novel _Black Alibi_ by Cornell Woolrich
The Curse of the Cat People (1944, RKO)
-       STARS: Simone Simon, Kent Smith, Jane Randolph, etc. DIRECTOR:
     Robert Wise, Gunther Fritsch
     NOTES: sequel to Cat People

Catman of Paris (1946, Republic)
-       STARS: Carl Esmond, Robert Wilke, Lenore Aubert, etc. DIRECTOR:
     Lesley Selander
     SPECIAL FX: Howard and Theodore Lydecker

The Island of Dr. Moreau (1977, American International)
-    STARS: Burt Lancaster, Michael York, Nigel Davenport, etc. DIRECTOR:
     Don Taylor
     NOTES: remake of Island of Lost Souls

The Crow (1994, Miramax)
     STARS: Brandon Lee, Ernie Hudson, Tony Todd, etc.
     DIRECTOR: Alex Proyas
     MAKE-UP: Lance Anderson
     SPECIAL FX: Dream Quest Images
- NOTES: tragic film based on James O'Barr's tragic graphic novel.  A
     truly gothic love story.

Cat People (1982)
     STARS: Nastassia Kinski, Malcolm McDowell
     NOTES: remake of 1942 original

"MetalBeast" (??)

I do know that there was a British TV series featuring a University professor and an American girl (who 
was bitten by a werewolf).  It was ok; didn't really get to watch it too much.  The point was to prevent her 
from shifting, kinda like Nick Knight on _Forever Knight_.  I believe the show was called "Werewolf in 
London" which is where it took place. The closest I ever saw to a shift was turning her pupils red.  Big 
deal(sarcastically). But it was a kind of X-Files type show that dealt with the paranormal. I'll see if I can 
find out any more on it, and will forward anything that I discover.- --Windrunner
]This is the show "She-Wolf of London," which is playing on the Sci-Fi Channel right now.  It does have 
the occasional so-so transformation scene, just not in every episode.  There's some info about it on the 
Web... check: http://www.nevada.edu/home/4/geno/Web/lc.html-      -WizardWolf

....and as a special treat, Ysengrin sends us this info on the TV show "Werewolf": 
USA still runs the 2 hour pilot from time to time (last time was about four months ago), usually on 
Saturday afternoons. It was part of the Fox network's premiere lineup, and was apparently troubled by the 
censors from day one. Two episodes were delayed for almost two months due to their violent content, and 
thus were shown out of sequence.

- - -  WEREWOLF EPISODE LIST

The dates given are the show dates in the Dallas/Ft. Worth area.

This is the first run on the Fox network; episodes were shown in a different order on USA and were re-cut 
for three commercial breaks instead of two and in many case were also shortened.

Tristar (1987)
July 11  - Pilot (2 hours)
July 18  - NIGHTWATCH
July 25  - THE BOY WHO CRIED WEREWOLF
Aug 1    - THE BLACK SHIP
Aug 8    - SPECTRE OF THE WOLF
Aug 15   - THE WOLF WHO THOUGHT HE WAS A MAN
Aug 22   -      the boy who cried werewolf [R]
Aug 29   - NOTHING EVIL IN THESE WOODS
Sept 5   -      nightwatch [R]
Sept 12  - RUNNING WITH THE PACK
Sept 19  -      pilot [R] ("WEREWOLF - THE MOVIE")
Sept 26  - FRIENDLY HAVEN
Oct 3    - LET US PREY
Oct 10   - A WORLD OF DIFFERENCE (part one) Oct 17   -
A WORLD OF DIFFERENCE (part two) Oct 25   - THE UNICORN
Oct 31   - ALL HALLOWS EVE
Nov 1    - BLOOD ON THE TRACKS
Nov 8    - NIGHTMARE AT THE BRAINE HOTEL
Nov 15   - WOLF HUNT
Nov 22   - BLOOD TIES
Nov 29   - BIG DADDY
Dec 6    - EYE OF THE STORM
Dec 13   -      spectre of the wolf [R]
Dec 20   -      the black ship [R]
Dec 27   -      spectre of the wolf [R]
Jan 3    -      the wolf who thought he was a man [R]
Jan 10   -      the boy who cried werewolf [R]
Production changes from Tri-star to Columbia JAN 17 - NIGHTMARE
IN BLUE
JAN 24   - SKINWALKER
JAN 31   -      running with the pack [R]
FEB 7    - KING OF THE ROAD
FEB 14   - A MATERIAL GIRL
FEB 21   - TO DREAM OF WOLVES (part one)
FEB 28   - TO DREAM OF WOLVES (part two)
MAR 7    - BLIND LUCK
MAR 14   - GREY WOLF
MAR 20   -      blood on the tracks [R]
MAR 27   -      let us pray [R]
APR 3    -      (no episode)
APR 9    -      spectre of the wolf [R]
- -   the unicorn [R]
APR 16   -      to dream of wolves parts I and II [R]
APR 23   -      a world of difference parts I and II [R]
MAY 1    -      (no episopde)
MAY 8    -      material girl [R]
MAY 15   -      big daddy [R]
MAY 22   - AMAZING GRACE
MAY 29   -      wolfhunt [R]
JUN 5    -      the wolf who thought he was a man [R]

28 half hour episodes (two two-part episodes), plus the two hour pilot.

The best episodes (in no particular order) were "The Boy Who Cried Werewolf," "A World of Difference," 
"Grey Wolf," "To Dream of Wolves," "Let Us Pray," "Nothing Evil in these Woods" and "The Unicorn."

The two worst episodes were easily "Blood on the Tracks" and "All Hallows Eve".

THE CAST
Eric Cord . . . . . . . . John J. York
"Alamo" Joe Rogan . . . . Lance LeGault Janos
Skorzeny . . . . . Chuck Connors
Nicholas Remy . . . . . . Brian Thompson
Eric/Werewolf . . . . . . Tony Snegoff
Janos/Werewolf  . . . . . Alex Daniels
Producers   . . . . . . . John Ashley & Frank Lupo
Created by  . . . . . . . Frank Lupo
Werewolf makeup crew: (apologies to anyone I missed) Earl Ellis Larry Oden
Stuart Artingstall- -    Camilla Henneman Linda Notaro
John Vulich
Kieth Edmier- - -   Tony Rupprecht
Mitch Devane- - -   Martha Vanek
Gino Crognale- - -  Anthony Ashly

Werewolves designed by Rick Baker (The Skorzeny werewolf was originally to have been the Eric Cord werewolf, but was decided to look too 'evil'. Baker then drew up the Eric werewolf with gentler features. For more info on this, plus some nifty stills, see Fangoria #68) (Rick Baker's sketches were included in a traveling 'makeup effects exhibit' that was making the rounds at museums in the early 90's)

Transformations & Makeup by Greg Cannom.

Skorzeny werewolf - dark brown/black fur, black skin, left side of muzzle eaten away from just under the eye to the jawline as if by acid - the eye is intact. Upper jaw about 1/2" longer than the lower; single canines. Tall - over 6'6" - in height. Skorzeny rips his skin off to effect the transformation. Skorzeny seems to be both more sensitive of when a transformation is coming and able to force a shift when needed, even to control timing of a "called" shift.

Eric werewolf - light brownish-tan fur, brownish skin. Shorter perhaps 5'4". Pockets under the eyes on either side of the muzzle. Both ears are notched about an inch from the tips. Full form has dual upper canines, although the transitional does not. Is very recognizent of the memories and desires of Eric, although Eric can remember very little of what happens when he shifts, other than the euphoria. This suit does double duty as Terry in the pilot.

Remy werewolf - darker brown fur, brownish-black skin. This suit seems to be the same one used whenever a "third" werewolf was needed - the suit is first seen in Let Us Prey, and the only time Remy shifts in To Dream Of Wolves. It is hard to tell this suit from Eric's at a glance. Remy himself seems to shift partially when angry. Remy can force other weres to shift. Shifting seems to fall into two categories - "called" in which there is much foreshadowing of the shift, including the pentagram, without any causative trauma; and, "self-induced" in which either there has been major trauma (being shot, for example) or the desire to shift - these are not always accompanied by the pentagram-blister in the palm. Terry (Eric's roomate in the pilot), Skorzeny, and Eric himself all have foreknowledge of shifting at times ("called"), while Skorzeny, Eric, Remy, Brother Mark, Michelle, Grey Wolf, Marta, and Diane all can also control their shifts ("self- induced").

The appearing werewolves, in order of "birth"

ZORA PACK
 Grey Wolf (Head of Bloodline? Apparently last member, several thousand
-      years old if he is to be believed)

HOWARD PACK
 Nicholas Remy (several centuries old)
     Diane
     Janos Skorzeny (300-400 years old)
-    Mary Peterson (around a century old)
-    Terry
- -  Eric Cord
- -       Bobby [possible?] - THE BOY WHO CRIED WEREWOLF big daddy's girl
-    Brother Mark
-    Michelle
-    Renfield
-    Hank (May have been bitten by a were other than Skorzeny) [unknown]

PACK
 Marta (Head of bloodline)
     Servan Dumball
     the 'father' in the Braine Hotel

A bit of fun - Costuming

If you ever get a chance, stop by Verdun Manor in Forney, Texas and look at the creations there... 
Ysengrin has constructed some really incredible werewolf suits. There are also others interested in 
costuming, as this list of costuming suppliers shows: 

Cinema Secrets
4400 Riverside Drive
Burbank, CA 91505
818-846-0579

Ben Nye Corporation
5930 Bowcraft Street
Los Angeles, CA 90016
213-839-1984

Cinemagic, Inc.
7492 Republic Drive
Orlando, FL 32819
407-351-3330

Bill's Trick Shop
6217 West 79th Street
Burbank, IL 60459
708-599-4949

Alcone Paramount Company
5-49 49th Avenue
Long Island City, NY 11101
718-361-8373

I get dental supplies from Burman Ind.  you know for making those really convincing canine tooth caps.
Caution dental monomers require lots of ventilation. Burman Industries, Inc. 14141 Covello Street, Suite 
6-A Van Nuys, CA 91405 818 782-9833 *Fax 818 782-2863 I just write and request catalogs. 

Alcone Company
(718)361-8373

Burman Industries
(818)782-9833

Cinefex (magazine)
(909)781-1917

Cinema FX
9818)765-4995

National Hair Technologies   (I'd think this ones kinda needed) (508)6862964

Special Effects Supply Co.
(801)298-9762

Makeup & Effects Lab
(818)982-1483

Polytek Developement
(908)534-5990

Sword & Stone
(818)562-6548
Quantel,inc
(203)656-3100

All of these are in the U.S.

You may want to get the July 1994 of Fangoria #134 which boasts "wall to wall werewolves"(Awsome cover!) You can back order from an order form in the back of thier issues. It can be obtained by ordering it from this address.

NorthWind here, Was cruising around because I was bored and happened upon this web page for a company called Bone Clones. I'll paste some text from their page:

"BONE CLONES(TM) is a series of skulls skillfully cast from the best original skulls available for each of the animals depicted. The materials of the finished skulls are of the highest quality resin, to capture the best original detail and to make them resistant to chipping and breakage."

"Kronen Osteo's BONE CLONES(TM) skulls are used in comparative educational environments, at zoo and museum "experience" exhibits, by collectors, and have been used by special-effects companies in numerous film productions, including 'Congo'."

So basically they make casts out of actual animal bones and you get an exact replica. Some of the animals that they have include a Siberian Wolf,Maned Wolf,St.Bernard,Great Dane,Cougar,Siberian Tiger,Grizzly Bear, Clouded Leopard and some odds and ends like Lion and Tiger teeth. They even have Human skull casts. The extinct animal cast collection they have is also very interesting. It includes a Dire Wolf,Sabertooth Cat,Tasmanian Wolf,American Lion and they just added Dinictus,a 60 million year old fossil. The prices range from $150 to $350. Most of the ones I listed are $150-160. In other words,pretty cheap. Definitely check out their web page for prices and pictures.

http://www.carmelnet.com/bones/

And to complete that costume, you need genetalia! For male ones, try: www.forest.com/actaeon/. you can get horse ones and prolly wolf ones too...in that rubber jelly stuff... soft, medium or firm.

What do I do if I meet a werewolf?

Count yourself lucky; you may the only one who has seen one in the flesh. :) Just in case, we have a handy guide for you:

Howls to the cyberpack! Graham and I were contemplating what a potential victim of a Werewolf might do to escape being a late night snack. Feel free to add any new ideas you might have. Enjoy!

1) throw a stick and shout fetch.
2) HOWL! Confuse the bugger.
3) Don't be there.
4) Be kind and nice to all canines, you should be anyway.
5) Don't be a vampire.
6) Don't be human.
7) Definitely don't be a cat.
8) Throw a Frisbee.
9) Be a Wereskunk.
10) Rub the Werewolf's belly and hope for a leg response.
11) Always carry some fresh meat to distract the beast so you can get away.
12) Give the Werewolf a very large, gravy coated, rawhide, chew toy.
13) Point one direction and say "Look it's Elvis!" and run the opposite way.

* Respect their territory. :)
* DON'T TELL ANYONE as a) they'll think you're a nutter and/or b) they'll dissect the poor fella...
* Windigowak: Point in the direction of the nearest well-stocked meat locker (it's nice and cool, and 
there's LOTS of food :).
* Remember who's the boss in the situation. (It ain't you. :)
* ASk them (if they shift to homid form) if lycanthropy is contagious (and if so, would they be so kind as 
to give you a little nip? :)

Top 10 reasons weres make good pets

10. Needs no pet license, walkies, or litter box
 9. Sensitive friends unlikely to be allergic to werewolf
 8. Werewolf can get outside job and pay part of rent
 7. No special bedding required, unlike vampire
 6. A good conversation starter at parties
 5. Weapons carried by typical burglar ineffective
 4. As long as you have neighbors, no need to worry about feeding
 3. Easy to fool landlords who have a "no pets" policy
 2. If landlord not fooled, werewolf can eat landlord
 1. Never lose annual "Biggest Dog in Town" contest again

Top 10 reasons weres make poor pets

10.) The mailman is afraid to deliver.
 9.) Keeps throwing out your silver jewellery.
 8.) The shower drain is ALWAYS clogging with hair.
 7.) Uses a whole bottle of conditioner to "de-tangle" after a full moon romp.
 6.) Invites the pack over on Friday nights and they drink all your beer.
 5.) The 6 month freezer order of meat is always gone in 2 weeks.
 4.) Hogs the T.V. to watch nature documentaries.
 3.) Howls in his/her sleep.
 2.) Always gets blamed when the neighbor's cat disappears.
 1.) KEEPS HOGGING THE COMPUTER TO LOG IN TO A.H.W.!!!

The Lexicon
Words from the Spring Thaw Howl -- Werebear

At the recent Spring Thaw Howl, there were a number of words that were introduced into the vocabularies of the folks there.  They came from a number of sources, and have even begun to show up in various posts here on Alt.Horror.Werewolves.  I was asked by many of the weres who were at the howl to write up this lexicon and post it. 

Now, so that there can be a reduced level of confusion . . . here are the words and their meanings.  If there are any that I have forgotten, or that were given an improper definition, please e-mail me so that I may correct them. 

The format is simple.  A pronunciation guide, usage, definition, and an example sentence.

MAD \MAD\ adj: wild, passionate "They were _mad scrumpin_"

MUNG \MUHng - to rhyme with dung\ adj: any material which cannot be
     identified.  Usually a liquid, or semi-liquid.  "When we added
     water to the dried remains of Kat's chili, it became a foul
     mung."

SCRUMPIN \SCRUMPIN - to rhyme with pumpin\ a.) v: to engage in sexual
     intercourse.  "No one wanted to go near the tent for fear
     that they would interrupt _mad scrumpin_." b.) An alcoholic
     beverage often served in England.  Often called, "nicking apples"
     "Mind if I have some scrumpin?"

     Scrumpin requires 2 editorial footnotes.  It's most common usage
     is using the adjective mad, simply because sex is frequently
     impassioned, and therefore often mad -- it is almost never seen
     without mad, in fact.

     I was recently introduced to a usage of the word that I was
     unfamiliar with, namely b.) and therefore it caused a moment of
     confusion. On IRC one evening, one of the participants was offering
     "Scrumpin" to anyone who wanted it.  Several of the folks on the
     channel cheerily accepted it.  I was appalled. Scrumpin in public?  I 
     stated as much, and was soon informed that Scrumpin is an alcholic 
     drink, often served in England.  The slang for it there is, "nicking 
     apples."
     Needless to say, that confusion was quickly cleared up.  The use of
     mad to describe a.) is a good indicator of which the writer means.

SPOOGE \SPOOJ\ a.) n.: upchuck, vomit, hurl, the technicolor yawn,
     selling Buicks to Ralph.  "I'm gonna spooge!"  b.) slang. to
     ejaculate.
     "I'm gonna spooge!"

     Another editorial note here.  Spooge is NOT a romantic word.
     In it's b.) incarnation it is VERY unromantic, and generally
     reserved for use in the locker room.

TWEE \TWEE -- to rhyme with gee\ adj: _irish slang_ feminine,
     delicate. "You are a twee little bastard!"

     The final editorial note is reserved for this word.  It is VERY
     unkind to call a male twee unless you REALLY mean it.  Even if
     someone has NO clue what the word means . . . it SOUNDS feminine.
     It is one of the few words that one can figure out the meaning
     PURELY from it's sound.

Well, there they are.  I hope they provided some enlightenment.

I'm certain that future howls and special events will add to this list, and when they do, your faithful 
lexiconographer will be there to compile them.

Odds and Ends
How can I change into a were?

The group has collected a number of ways, outlined in legend and literature, held to effect the Change. There are no guarantees that any of this will work... especially if your heart's not really in it. Some of them are downright bizarre, and a couple possibly dangerous: Swim at your own risk. 

There are quite a few different legends and theories on how one becomes a werewolf; at least as many as there are different werewolf legends-and almost every country in the world has some sort of shape-changing myth. Most of them, predictably, involve demonic possession or enchantment via witchcraft. Note: This section uses wolves as an example.  Any other animal may be substituted, however.

  Be called by the wolf spirit.
  Transformation by the Gods (also appears in Greek myth of Lycan, hence the term "lycanthrope".) 
  Have a vision of the wolf spirit on a dream-quest.
  Have a Dreaming that one is a wolf or running with wolves. 
  Have a dream of the wolf spirit.  
  Perform a ritual taught by one's animal spirit. 
  Be cursed by a shaman. 
  Perform a ritual invoking the wolf spirit. (There is a similar ritual in Khaos Magick involving 
hunting dogs where one mentally becomes a dog)
  Get bitten by a werewolf.
  Wear the enchanted skin of a dead wolf or werewolf.
  Drink water from a wolf's footprint.
  Eat dust from a wolf's footprint.
  Drink water from certain springs, especially in the Harz Mountains in Germany.
  Drink downstream from wolves.
  Possess and wear a moonstone (supposedly not all would do it, perhaps an extra enchantment was 
required?)
  Eat a wolf's brain.
  Sleep outside on a Friday night when the light of a full moon can shine on your face while you sleep. This one seems to have originated in Italy.
  The 7th of 7 consecutive daughters was supposed to carry the werewolf strain (from Germany).
  Pluck and wear a rare white marsh flower (the flower's name is supposedly lost, but this method comes from the Balkans so it is probably a species that either grows or grew there).
  Children born on the winter solstice or Christmas eve supposedly had a good chance of becoming a werewolf when puberty was reached.
  Get cursed by a powerful witch or wizard or god (eg Zeus doing so to Lycaon).
  Have sex with a werewolf and survive.  (This is one of those methods that I believe is a recent addition, but many werewolves seem to vouch for it as being valid. I wonder why? ;-)
  Participate in the rituals of a secret society, such as one among the Nootka Sound natives.
  In shamanistic ritual, gain the wolf as your totem animal (or guardian or familiar or whatever applies to the tradition in question) and from this the ability to assume its form. This method would also proably include those who gain such a spirit through meditation or dreams.  This is the source for many "spiritual werewolves".
 

I found this stuff while browsing our university and couldn't resist sharing it with you, although most of you old wolves already know this trivia. The source is A.Wuttke: "Der Deutsche Volks- und Aberglaube der Genwart", published in 1925, and I'll translate a part dealing with belts rumored to enable their wearers to change. It is, as the rest of the book, a compilation of several German folklore sources.

  "People (men, women, even boys) change, mostly just for several hours, into wolves by wearing a wolfbelt on the naked body (sometimes also on clothes).  [this belt is made of] wolf's leather or human skin, especially the skin of a hanged man, often adorned with the zodiac, and with seven tongues on the buckle [which must be put] into the ninth hole; if they want to return to their human form, they open the  buckle."
  

 Phew, I don't think I got the translation quite right. But those intent on manufacturing such a belt should have gotten the picture on how it is supposed to look like.

 And when you're trying this at home, don't forget: one hit to your  belly'd loosen the belt and leave you reverted and stark naked.
-Holger

Dementia

There are medical cases of dementia in which the victim believes he or she is a werewolf; and a disease called congenital porphyria whose symptoms are very similar to those ascribed to lycanthropy. Science seems to be catching up with it: 

The following appeared in the London "Times" newspaper, Wednesday 31
May 1995.

Scientists hunt down the "wolfman" gene
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

[by our science correspondent]
"Scientists have pinpointed the gene responsible for "Werewolf" syndrome, an extremely rare genetic condition in which patients are covered in dense hair. A team from Texas, which studied a family of Mexicans suffering from congenital generalised hypertrichosis, say that the precise identification of the gene could provide useful information about the normal distribution of human hair, and could eventually have significant application in the treatment of baldness. 

 Many of the victims of the condition have spent their lives performing in circuses. Four years ago, two Mexican boys aged 9 and 14 were banned from appearing in a circus in Blackpool after protests from child welfare groups.

There have been only about 50 known cases since the Middle ages. The  scientists report in "Nature genetics" that they have isolated the gene responsible to the X chromosome. Members of the Mexican family volunteered to provide tissue samples, from which the rough position of the gene was identified".

Ergot

By MegaDog and his brother (who has a BS in Organic Chemistry)]

How many of you ever thought of your local bakery as a possible source of werewolf beliefs? Or of hallucinogenic drugs?

In medieval times, it could have been both.

Ergot [Claviceps purpurea] is a parasitic fungus that can be found growing on rye or other cereal grasses. Rye grass is by far the most widespread species parasitized, though wheat and barley are also commonly affected. The 'ergots' appear as a blackish-purple club- shaped growth [sclerotia] on the tops of the rye where the seeds are, and are referred to as "heads of ergot"; from these heads sprout the Claviceps purpurea fungal fruiting bodies. They have long stems with bulbous heads when seen under a strong glass or microscope. See reference [1] for more information.

Ergot naturally produces a wide range of chemical compounds, the ones of relevance here are collectively known as the "Ergot Alkaloids", and include ergotamine, ergosine and beta-ergosine, ergonine, ergovaline, ergostine, ergotine and beta-ergotine, ergocornine, ergocristine, ergocryptine and beta-ergocryptine. These compounds all have some degree of psychoactivity; indeed LSD was first synthesized from ergot compounds. Their other major medical effect is vasoconstriction [narrowing of blood vessels], which, if severe, can lead to gangrene of the extremities. Ergotamine has medical uses; for example it is frequently prescribed [often in combination with caffeine] as a therapy for migraine headaches.

Ergot was a widespread parasite of cereal grains in europe in the  middle-ages, growing particularly well during excessively damp summers. The psychoactive components of ergot are *not* broken down by heat, so it is fair to assume that they would be present in bread baked from flour milled from ergotized grains. There was a significant outbreak of ergot-poisoning in France in the early 1950's; this outbreak gives a good insight into what may have been experienced in medieval times. 

Symptoms of ergot poisoning include hallucinations [the 1950's French victims reported 'being chased or attacked by horrible beasts', 'terror of the dark', and 'feeling that my body was not mine'] together with tingling/burning sensations in the extremities & the scalp. These tingling sensations were known in medieval times as "St. Anthony's Fire", after the saint to whom sufferers prayed for relief.

It is not hard to imagine how an outbreak of ergot-poisoning, or, IMHO, more likely, an ongoing low level of ergotisation, could lead to the development of a werewolf-legend, the 'pursuit by horrible beasts' hallucination being probably the most likely cause, however the 'tingling & loss of sensation in the extremities' effect could possibly have been interpreted as shapeshifting? For those interested in more detail of such things, see references [2] and [3].

WARNING
~~~~~~~~~
If any of you are thinking of experimenting  with Ergot at home, I would discourage this most strongly! To back this up, here is an abstract from a medical toxicology file I just happened to have to hand....

Ergotamine:
~~~~~~~~
Acute effects:
~~~~~~~~~
May be fatal if inhaled, swallowed, or absorbed through the skin.

Exposure can cause:
      Nausea, dizziness and headache, stomach pains, vomiting,
diarrhea.

Other symptoms include:
-  Thirst, changes in blood pressure and heart rate, tingling
in the extremities and confusion.

Chronic effects:
~~~~~~~~~~
An Oxytocic; in pregnant women may result in abortion or fetal
harm.

Can cause menstrual dysfunction and sterility.

Other effects include peripheral circulatory disturbances and
gangrene. Possible mutagen.

References:-
~~~~~~~~~
[1]     "Collins Guide to Mushrooms and Toadstools" by Morten Lange and F. Bayard Hora.  1978
Description of characteristics of ergot, its distribution & life cycle.

[2]     Fuller, John Grant,_The Day of St Anthonys Fire_, NY: Macmillan, 1968. This is a look at outbreaks of hallucinations and other bizarre behavior believed to have been caused by ergot infections.

[3]     Matossian, Mary Kilbourne, _Poisons of the Past: Molds, Epidemics & History_, New Haven: Yale Univ Press, 1989. This book covers more ground, from the Middle Ages to witchcraft scares in Europe. She has charts, maps and graphs to illustrate her findings.

How can I exorcise a were?

-Rich A.K.A. Trafalgar of #ahww

    All this time we have been talking about how one may become a werewolf....I am going to take a walk on the flip side of things for a bit. But before we get going, I must make the following statement:
-     

-   [[[WARNING]] In NO WAY, shape form or manner shall I claim resposibility for what 
information follows, especially if you edeavor to persue this interest. The following post covers potentialy disturbing material and can and will cause physical harm. Caveat emptor, Your mileage may vary, and return your seats to their normal upright position....some material has been changed to protect the innocent. You have been warned.

-    That said and done, let's get to the meat. [Pulling a dusty volume from the shelf and paging through]
- - - - -  

Common means for exorcising a werewolf:

     A common thread among all exorcisms is that the person is believed to be possesed of some malevolent spirit. So many folks employ the use of some sort of potion and or prayer, or spinkling of holy water, and calling the person by their given Christian name.....[Looking up from the volume] Boring!

     Here's one from legend.. "Cast a circle of 9 feet, and a smaller one only 4 feet in diameter. Place a series of candles at equal intervals, and place a wooden altar in the south. Within the inner circle, place the werewolf....(you are on your own to figure out how to get a hold of him/her) Build a small fire exactly opposite of the altar, and 1 1/2 foot away from the inner circle. Place a pot over the fire, containing 2 pints of clear water.

     To this add:
-    1/2 oz. camphor
-    3/4 oz. ammonia
-    1/2 oz. hypericum
-    2 drachms sulfur
-    1/2 oz castorium
-    6 drachms opium (!)
          3 drachms asafoetida
*(!)* [Higly illegal, and potentially lethal]

     Mix thoroughly and then add a portion of mandrake root, 1 live snake, 2 live toads in a linen bag, and a fungus. (Guess any kind will do...mushrooms, that old pizza that needs a shave that has been in the 'fridge for an epoch) Bind togehter with red ribbon a wand of three sprigs, each from ash, white popular, and birch. (The magickal connotations could easily fill a volume, so I will refrain from explaining) [At this point it would be wise to employ the services of your D.O.C.] When the toads cry out from being immersed in the now boiling water, the mixture is ready. Take a cupfull of the searing liquid and douse the werewolf, as well as lashing him/her with the wand....exclaiming "Foul spirit release this persons' soul, return to the great unknown!"  Repeat 3 times." (Lather, rinse, repeat..;) )

     Some forms of expulsion use a boiling mixture of baneful materials, tar, and sulfur. If that does not get rid of a werewolf, it will certainly rid one of their hide.

          That was legend....

   Now What follows is mostly theory, and have yet to prove any of it. Look in any dictionary, Look for the word lycanthropy. Most likely you will find the same I have. The Greater Webster Encyclopedic Dictionary has this entry : "A kind of insanity in which the patient supposes himself to be a wolf." Go ahead, take a look, you may have an entry that sounds a lot like that too.

     Lycanthropy *seems* to fall into several categories... "Infective Lycanthropy": The Hollywood version of the werewolf. This creature goes about, with an insatiable appetite for human flesh, and those that survive the attack become werewolves themselves. Basically, place your favorite story here. If there is an infectious vector, it has yet to be discovered.

"Wolfen": Probably the most dangerous phenotype there is. The lycanthropic condition is cause by some demonic expression of a creature through a host body. Outward shapes/manifestations vary, but usualy thecreature takes the form of a highly feared creature, and can be an expression of a deeply rooted fear or phobia. It can be placed either by magickal rite or curse...and similarly dispelled. Because of the supernatural nature of the creature, it is quite possible for the creatue to perfom amazing feats of strength and literally be bound by no known physical laws. (ie. changing to mist, and slipping through a crack under the door) 

"Inherent Lycanthropy": Most likely the most common form of lycanthropy. In this case the "condition" seems to be hereditary. Passed on from generation to generation, and sometimes skipping one, it manifestsitself after the person reaches puberty. Sometimes it is not a full blown case and certain behaviors are the only clues that this person may be an inherent. Most of the time it is the poor soul who gets locked away because he imagines himself to be a wild ravening creature, or wanders aimlessly, imitating the actions of the creature. 

"Astral Lycanthropy": Perhaps the most misunderstood form of all. It is not the physical manifestation of a creature, nor is it a mental condition, but rather more akin to the Dream quests that a shaman may take. It is believed that the spirit of a person projects apart from the body, and takes the shape of one's totem animal/spirit. This is the most freeform of all shifters, because it is only limited to the imagination of the individuals mind.

"Magickal Lycanthropy": Like wolfen it entails the use of powers from outside one's self. But in this case the ability to shift forms is brought on by the use of elemental forces, or allowing one to be taken over by an entity... voluntarily. And although different regions tell different stories, they all have a common thread. Like the "rite of exorcism" depicted above..... Except the wording is different. All involved baneful materials, a clearing of some sort, and a chant.

     Some are quite simple, like sleeping under the full moon on a friday night....drinking blood or water from a wolf's footprint....drinking from a river know to be frequented by wolves....

                   But by far the most interesting....
        "The History Of Magick" -By Paul Christian 1870 A.D.
                              Book II
     pp.450-451
     "....Little can be reliably written on Voodoo, the African magick,
and the reader must be referred to the few works that exist. One aspect
of it however links with similar phenomena reported elsewhere and is
worth note. West Africa has a number of animals said in different
disrticts to be were or *wir*, that is to be a demon or human elementary
transformations: there are the weretiger, the werejaguar and the
werealigator. Now India also has a weretiger, and in Australia amongst
certian tribes is the weredingo. In America there is the werecyote, and
in Europe the evidence for the werewolf....."

     It goes on to say "Ancient Egypt is said to have a werejackal, and nearer home the werecat is reported from Scotland".

What are "furries"?

A lot of participants of AHWW consider themselves "furries". What, exactly, is a "furry"? Well, let's take a look at what the FAQ for alt.fan.furry has to say: (thanx to lynx@netcom.com for permission to use this text)

* WHAT IS "ALT.FAN.FURRY"?

Alt.fan.furry is a newsgroup devoted to the discussion of all things "furry" and/or of interest to "furry fans". Of course, tangential discussions occasionally get into things that are very far from being distinctly "furry", such as copyrights, cellular radios, meks... =)

* WHAT IS A "FURRY"?

"Furry" when used as a noun seems to refer to one of two things: a) An animal-like character known as a "furry" b) A person who is a "furry fan"

The latter is easy enough (knock on wood) to define: A person who particularly enjoys stories, pictures, dolls, video games or whatever concerning "furry" creatures. Defining a "furry" creature is somewhat harder, though. There are several definitions depending upon which "camp" in furrydom, for lack of a better term, you might be in.

The basic definition for a "furry" is an anthropomorphized animal character. In other words, an animal character given human-like attributes, such as sapience and often a humanoid form. The term "furry" is a misnomer, as a creature does not need to have fur to be "furry" in this sense. Other terms sometimes interchangeable with a "furry" in this sense are "zoomorph", "morph", "anthropomorph" or (debatably) funny animal".

The core definition of a "furry" seems to include basically humanoid- formed creatures with animal faces, fur/scale/feathers/whatever, and often appropriate tails, wings, claws, etc., able to speak, and with a human-like personality, though quite often with "quirks" hinting at the real-life animal upon which the character is based.

A broader definition will sometimes include other odd creatures that simply have some sort of animal features in their makeup. Such would include mythical creatures such as centaurs, manticores, satyrs or harpies, all of which have human faces though more-or-less animal-like bodies. This broader definition might also include the human-like characters that appear in some Japanese animation that have an animal tail and ears, but otherwise look about as human as any other anime character.

One of the narrower definitions held by some is that in order for a character to be truly considered furry", the character must exhibit animal-like characteristics in behavior. Optionally, the fact that the character is an "animal" must be a major ingredient to the story. This is exhibited in a frequent criticism of "furry" stories by those who hold this view: Many stories, while featuring characters fitting the core definition of "furry" given earlier are criticized as being "humans in animal suits" if their behavior isn't distinctly animal-like in some way.

Not all AHWWers are furries, as well... but who can resist a good convention? *grin*

What are some other names for weres?

Here are some terms for werewolves in languages and cultures other than english/american... This list is obviously far from complete, and I welcome any input..

werewolf  English
werwolf  German
Loup Garou  French
Oberroten  Russian
WeerWolf  Dutch
Varulv  Swedish
Mactire  Irish (pronounced Mactira)
Okami Otoko  Japenese
Shungmanitu Wicasa  Native American (one who is wolf)

This is a list of some of the names by which my clan (wendigo) goes in the Northeastern American continent. I thought it might be fun to share:

weendigo  weeghtako  weeghteko  weendago  weendegoag
weendigo  weetego  weetigo  wee tee go  wehndigo
wehtigo  wendago  wendigo  wenigo  wightigo
wiitiko  windago  windagoe  windagoo  windego
wi'ndigo  windikouk  wintego  wintigo  wi'ntsigo
wintsigo  wi'tigo  witigo  witiko  wittako
and wittikka
and then there are some that ignore the `w' sound altogether...
atcen  atschen  sheno  djenu  kokodhem
outiko  and vinkiko

 

Werecode

WereCode v.0.5
Compiled by Blackfang [kirchfa@azstarnet.com]

Based on the Furry Code by Ross Smith [alien@netlink.co.nz]

General Modifiers

These symbols can be attatched to any of the standard codes (unless indicated otherwise)
to indicate some unusual or uncertain factor.

x?: You havne't decided where you fall in the category, but you know you're in there somewhere.
  This replaces the normal suffix, i.e., S?
x~: An apporximation. Used when you don't feel the given choices adequately describe you.
x/: You fit more than one of the categories or choices given.
!x: Indicates a positive refusal to take part in the category. Unlike x?, which means you aren't
  certain, this means you _are_ certain you want to have nothing to do with it.
x]: Indicates that you want to change your standing in this category. The part on the left is
  your current status; the part on the right (the "lesser than" side) is the category you'd
  like to be in. 
x$: Use this code if this is what you do in real life. It doesn't have to be your only source
  of income, just a signifigant one.
x#: This is none of your business. Use in place of the normal suffix when you want to keep the
  information to yourself.

The Codes

P - Phenotype
Your wereside. What species are you?

Pc: Canine (wolf, dog)
Pv: Vulpine (fox)
Pf: Feline (cats)
Pi: Insectoid
Pr: Reptilian
Pa: Avian (birds)
Pu: Ursine (bears)
Pp: Pinniped (seals)
Pm: Mythical beastie

P?: I don't know what species my wereside is.
!P: I don't have a wereside.
If you have more than one equally dominant wereside, you can separate them with a slash. If you have 
more than one wereside with one more dominant than the other(s), seperate them by hyphens. For 
example: Somewere with an equaly prominent wolf and snow leapord side would use Pc/f. Somewere with 
a dominant seal side and a less dominant jaguar side would use Pp-f.

T - Transformation
What kind of transformations do you experience?

Tsx represents a spiritual or mental shift.
Tpx represents a physical shift.
Choose x from the following code:

su: Aura shifting. Assuming phenotype energy, resulting in a animal mood. Behavior and senses may be 
affected in a general sense.
sm: Mental shifting. Like an Aural shift, but generally much deeper. The wereside is more or less entirely 
in control.
sa: Astral shfting. Your shift involves going into the Astral plane.
sd: Dream shifting. You *are* your phenotype (or another phenotype) in a dream, or you change into an 
animal form.
ss: Spiritual shift. A "totemistic" shift: that is, an external spirit is channeled into your body.

pm: "Molecular shift." All or part of you body is instantaneously changed into an animal form.
pc: "Classic shift." All or part of your body gradually "morphs" into an animal form.
pb: "Biolocational shift." Your human body becomes comatose as an animal materialzes elsewhere.
pk: Magickal shift. The shift is brought on by some sort of magickal (ritual) means.
pp: Possesion shift. You send out your spirit to take possesion of or ride along with a real, live animal.

Degree of transformation. Use the largest shift you've experienced.
T++++: I've become the animal 100%. If the transformation is physical, I am physically indistinguishable 
from an animal of the same type.
T+++: A strong mix between human and animal, with emphasis on the animal: the classical mediaeval 
werewolf archeytpe.
T++: A mix between human and animal. Mostly human, but with some very definite animal 
features/characteristics.
T+: If I have any animal features, they're very slight (maybe thicker hair or longer canine teeth). My 
personality/senses may also have some animal quailty: a tendency to growl or bark, etc.
T: The shift only affects me emotionally. No detectable physical changes or any major changes in my 
behavior.
T-: No one else would have been able to tell that I had shifted.
T--: I'm not even sure it happened. I know its in me, but its buried deep....

T?: I don't know what kind of shifts I've had.
!T: I've never shifted.
T#: Its none of your business what kind of shifts I've had.
T(sx/px)&: Indicates that the shift was involuntary and unplanned.
If you experience more than one of these, connect them with hyphens.
If you experience both spiritual/mental shifts and physical shifts,
use the format Tsx|px. (That looks like an l on my console, but its
really one of those vertical line thingies above the slash.
For example, a were who had shifted spiritually and in dreams, and
physically once, might use Tss&/sd++++|pb+.

A - Art
Many weres like to express their weresides by drawing, especially art
with weres or animals.

A++++: Art is my life.
A+++: My art appears regularly in zines and elsewhere, and people ask me to
  contribute to their sketchbooks.
A++: I have pictures in reasonably well-known zines.
A+: I draw regularly, and someone once said something that could be construed
  as a compliment.
A: I've shown one or two of my pictures to others, and they actually didn't
  throw up.
A-: Tried a few sketches in the privacy of my own home.
A--: Never tried.
A---: Never tried, never will.

F - Fursuits
What would it take to get you into a fursuit?

F++++: I've made plans to be buried in a fursuit.
F+++: I'll wear a fursuit at any opportunity, whether or not costumes are expected.
F++: I'll wear a fursuit anywhere costumes are uncommon.
F+: I'll wear a fursuit anywhere costumes are expected.
F: I might wear one.
F-: I'd wear one, but only if I really had to.
F--: Are you kidding? No way I'd wear one of those things.

Add an m after the F if you've made your own fursuit.

H - Howls
How often do you go to Howls?

H+++: I lost count of the number of Howls I've been to. Organized at least one.
H++: Been to many Howls, and plan to go to more.
H+: Been to at least on Howl, and plan to go to more.
H: Never been to one, but I plan to go to one in the near future.
H-: Never been to a Howl, but I'd like to.
H--: Not really interested.
H---: No way in Hel I'd go to one of those things.

H*: I'd like to go to one, but for one reason or another its impossible.

L - Legends
How close do you come to the "traditional" werewolf myth?

L+++: Thick hair, sharp canines, can't touch silver: I've got it all.
L++: When moonlight makes me want to go down on all fours and howl, I do.
L+: I feel the occasional urge to eat raw meat. :9
L: Never really noticed.
L-: Nothing about me matches the legends.
L--: I make a point of avoiding were "stereotypes."

R - Religion
Rx: Choose x from the list below:

Rb: Buddhist
Rc: Christian
Rh: Hindu
Ri: Shinto(ist?)
Rj: Jewish
Rm: Muslim
Rn: Native American
Rp: Pagan (non-Wiccan)
Rs: Shamanist
Rw: Wiccan

Degree:
R+++: There is nothing more important to me than religion. I observe all holidays and 
services...well...religiously.
R++: Religion is very important to me. I arrange my life, at least in part, around religious 
services/observances.
R+: Religion is fairly important. I try to attend services regularly.
R: I go to synagogue/mosque/church on occasion.
R-: I might go to church on Christmas or Easter.
R--: I only believe how I do because it's how I was raised.

R?: Agnostic
!R: Atheist
Place a tilde between R and the code letter to indicate uncertainy. If you've converted from one religion to 
another, you can put the letter of the orginal religion in parentheses after the current code number. Add w 
after the code if your belief system involves weres or other shapeshifters in some way.
For instance, my code would be Rw(j)~w+

(Use *s instead of +s if you volunterr regularly for some religious  organization; if you get paid for it, of 
course, use the $ code.)

S - Shapechanging IRL
If you had the chance to physically become your phenotype, would you do it?

S++++: "All this is going to cost me is $1,000,000, my dog, and my firstborn child? Where do I sign?"
S+++: Probably, but I'd have to think about it first.
S++: Only if its reversible.
S+: Maybe, but I'm not going to be the first guinea pig (or what have you... ;D)
S: I'd have to consider it carefully.
S-: Thanks but no thanks. I'm happy with my body the way it is.
S--: Un-uh. Not for me. No way.

 W - Writing
Have you ever written anything of note? If so, was it were-related?

W++++: Stephen King is an amateur.
W+++: I've sold a full-length book.
W++: I've sold something to a _real_ magazine. ;D
W+: I've sold something to a fanzine.
W: I've written a story or two that nobody else has read.
W-: I have a few rough outlines, but nobody will ever see them.
W--: Never written a word of fiction (IRS forms excepted).
W---: I'm illiterate.

(Use *s instead of +s if your story(ies) or book(s) are not were-related.)
                                                

rl - Real Life occupation
Unless you're some sort of aboriginal hunter-gatherer (or living at home), you probably have to work for a 
living. If so, what do you do?

rla: Art
rlbm: Business/management
rlc: Craft
rlci: Construction industry
rlct: Computers/imformation technology
rle: Engineering
rlet: Education/teaching
rlf: Farming
rlfb: Finance/banking
rlgp: Government/public service
rll: Law
rllw: Literature/writing
rlm: Music
rlma: Military/armed forces
rlmc: Media/communications
rlmh: Medicine (non veterinary)
rlrb: Retail business
rls: Science
rlth: Theater
rlti: Transport industry
rlvm: Veterinary medicine

rlat: Were-of-all-trades
rlu: Undecided (generally used by students who haven't picked a major yet)
rl-: No qualifications, no job. Life is good.

Add * after the code if you're trained in this field, but haven't actually
found someone who's willing to pay you to do it yet.

a - Age
Pretty straightforward, really. How old are you?

a++++: 60+ years
a+++: 45-59 years
a++: 35-44 years
a+: 25-34 years
a: 18-24 years
a-: 10-17
a--: Under 10 years

You can use a number instead of the codes to give your exact age (i.e., a22). You could also use a#, of 
course.

c - Computers
Just how familar are you with the centerpiece of the Information Revolution?

c++++: I'll be first in line to get a cybernetic interface installed in my skull!
c+++: RL? WTH is that?
c++: Computers are a big part of my life; I spend at least part of every day  in front of one; I've even tried 
a little programming.
c+: Computers are a fun toy. I can even use some software without resorting  to the manual.
c: Computers are really not much more than glorified typewriters, but they can still come in handy.
c-: I get nervous around anything more complicated than a toaster.
c--: Where's the on switch? Better yet, where's the off switch?
c---: They're taking over the world! Smash the machines! Up the Luddites!

If your rating is at least c, add one or more of the following letters just after the c to indicate your 
preferred operating environment:

a: amiga
b: BSD Unix
d: MS-DOS
l: linux
m: Macintosh
n: Win95/WinNT
o: OS/2
u: Unix (commercial)
v: VMS
w: Windows 3.x

d - Doom
Doom, Heretic, Hexen, Dark Forces, Duke Nukem 3D and the like are tremendously popular. What is it 
about running around with heavy-caliber weaponry shooting the crap out of everything in sight
that appeals to us? Or does that question answer itself?

d++++: I work for ID: bow before my might.
d+++: I can solve every level in Nightmare mode with my eyes closed and one hand tied behind by back. I 
make 3 or 4 WAD files a day.
d++: I'm pretty good at these games. I can beat most levels easily; I've even  played a couple of WADs I 
downloaded.
d+: Its a nice diversion on a lazy afternoon.
d: I've played some of these games; I must admit, I'm not that impressed.
d-: I've played these games, and to tell you the truth, I really don't like them at all.
d--: I miss Zork.
d---: Its exactly this kind of filth that's corrupting the moral fiber of today's youth. Why, back in my day...

e - Education
How far have you managed to crawl up the academic ladder?

e++++: Doctorate or the equivalent.
e+++: Master's degree or the equivalent.
e++: Bachelor's degree or the equivalent.
e+: Some tertiary education.
e: Finished High School.
e-: Haven't finished High School.
e--: Haven't started High School.

e*: Learned everything I know from The Hitch-Hiker's Guide to the Galaxy, Star Trek and Monty Python.
e**: Graduate of the School of Hard Knocks.

h - Relationships with other humans
How do feel about and get along with other humans?

h+++: Humans are the true masters of creation.
h++: Humans are responsible for most, if not all, that is good in the world.
h+: Without humans, the world would be worse off.
h: Humans are no greater or lesser than any other species.
h-: Without humans, the world would be better off.
h--: No other animal has caused so much destruction in the world.
h---: I'd rather be dead than be human.

i - Internet
The Internet and its various sub-media (usenet, e-mail, WWW, MUDs and MUCKs, IRC, FTP, and Gods 
know what else) have quickly become a leading medium of communication among more or less the entire
technologically aware universe. How deeply have you dived in?

i+++: I'm a Webmaster/site sysadmin
i++: I spend most of my free time surfing the Web, and chatting on IRC.
i+: I browse the world regularly, and use many of the other media as well.
i: I have browser and a connection...I think.
i-: Not connected.
i--: Nothing more than a flash in the pan.
i---: The Internet is a dangerous, subversive, perverted abomination that needs to be banned from the face 
of the earth. My preacher even told me so.

Add w after the i if you have your own homepage on the Web. Make it ww if your page at least mentions 
weres.

k - Number of weres you know
How many weres do you know or have you met IRL?

k+++: I live with one or more weres.
k++: I used to/am going to live with other weres or I know many weres.
k+: I know at least one other were well or several weres slightly.
k: I've never met anywere IRL in more than passing, if that.
k-: I've never met any weres IRL, and I don't think I will.
k--: You can just stay away from me, you weirdos.

l - Lifestyle
What kind of housing do you have?

l++++: Married and living with one or more kids (ack!).
l+++: Married or living with your SO on a long term basis.
l++: Living with one or more were roommates.
l+: Living with one or more non-were roommates.
l: Living alone.
l-: Living alone. Try to get out once a week to buy food; all surfaces covered in computers, old pizza boxes 
and old soda cans.
l--: Living in a yurt in outer Mongolia with nothing around for miles except my sattelite dish.

l*: Still living with my parents. :P
l**: I'm not really sure where I live...my workplace seems like home to me.
l***: Homeless.

n - Newsgroups
How involved are you in usenet newsgroups, especially AHWW?

n+++: RL has nothing on usenet...and if it did, there'd be a newsgroup about  it.
n++: Regular poster on many newsgroups; my next batch of posts come in before I finish my first batch.
n+: Regular poster on several newsgroups.
n: Regular poster on AHWW (or one other newsgroup).
n-: I read AHWW or some other newsgroup occasionally.
n--: One visit a month to usenet is a lot for me; I use Netscape for my news.
n---: I've forsworn all newsgroups forever.

(Use *s instead of +s if you don't read/post to AHWW).

p - Pets
If we can't get our species-change operations yet, we can at least get closer to animals by including them 
in our households.

p+++: I have a vast household of assorted furry/scaly/feathery creatures, and my life is organized to their 
benefit.
p++: Several pets.
p+: Two or three conventional pets, or one exotic one.
p: One conventional pet.
p-: No pets as of now, but I may enrich my life in the future
p--: I don't have any pets; my lifestlye/household/schedule doesn't allow for 'em. :(
p---: Filthy creatures! I won't have them in my house!

p*: I'd like to have pets, but my landlord/parents/roommates won't allow it.
p*: I'm allergic to animals.

(Use *s instead of +s if at least one of your pets is your phenotype)

r - Roleplaying games
How do you feel about Roleplaying games, especially White Wolf's Werewolf: The Apocalypse game?

r+++: When I need a break from roleplaying, I play at real life.
r++: Most of my free time is spent RPGing, and some of the time I should be  doing something else, as 
well.
r+: A wonderful thing to occupy a Saturday afternoon...and Sunday..and maybe  Monday...
r: It's something to do when there's nothing else to do.
r-: I might try it someday, but I'm not so hot on the idea.
r--: Role-players are sickos; there's no way I'd *ever* play them.
r---: RPGs are the works of Satan! Burn these tools of evil and corruption!

(use *s instead of +s if you LARP (Live Action Role-Play)

t - RL study of weres, etc.
How interested are you in werewolf (or other shapeshifter) legends from RL history or modern culture 
(movies, novels, etc.)

t+++: I'm a Professor of Lycanthropy at a major universtiy. :D
t++: I have an extensive library of were-related materials...which is actually  redundant, since I've 
memorized them all anyways.
t+: I have preorders for new were-related books half a month in advance.
t: I have a couple books or movies, and I've checked out more from the library/video store.
t-: I read a novel or two about weres, didn't like them that much.
t--: I'd rather read something interesting, thank you very much.
t---: Ick, no thank you. Boring!

w - How many humans know about your wereside?
So, to how many humans (i.e. non-weres) have you managed to explain
yourself to?

w+++: Everyone I know knows the truth about me.
w++: Most of my family/friends know, and they didn't even disown me  (entirely).
w+: I've told at least one person. I'd tell more, if only they'd listen...
w: I've never told anyone, but I could see it happening.
w-: Never told anyone, and I doubt I will.
w--: It would take a lot to make me tell someone.
w---: There's nothing in the whole wide world that would get me to tell something.

w*: I don't know anyone except weres.

s - Sex
Sx: Use this code to describe your your gender and sex life. 

sf: Female
sm: Male

s+++: There's more to life? What is it, and what equipment do you need?
s++: I was once referred to as "easy", but I have no idea where that might have come from.
s+: I've had real, live sex.
s: I've had sex...oh, you mean with someone else?
s-: Not having sex by choice.
s--: Not having sex because I can't get any.
s---: Not having sex because I'm a nun/priest.

s*: I'm married, so I can get it whenever I want (in theory, anyways...)
s**: Where do you *think* these kids came from, huh?

Megadog has some suggestions for codes as well:

P - PHENOTYPE 
Identifies what animal type you associate most strongly with.

        Select x from the following:-
                        c  - canine     (Dogs/wolves)
                        v  - vulpine    (Foxes)
                        f  - feline     (All cats)
                        i  - insectoid
                        r  - reptilian
                        ro - rodent     (mice, rats...)
                        a  - avian      (Birds)
                        o  - Ovine      (Sheep/goat) 
                        e  - equine     (Horses etc)
                        u  - ursine     (Bears)
                        p  - pinniped   (seals etc)
                        m  - mythical beast.
                        @  - Polymorph

T - TRANSFORMATION 
The first letter sx denotes spiritual/mental shift, whereas px denotes physical shifts.

                        s0 - Have yet to experience a Shift of any kind.

                        su - Aura Shifting. Assuming the animal energy,
                             resulting in a Wolfish (or other phenotype) 
                             mood. Behaviour and senses generally affected.

                        sm - Mental Shift. Generally a much deeper Shift 
                             than Aura Shifting. The Animal Side is more 
                             or less totally in control.

                        sa - Astral Shifting. The Shifter goes into the 
                             spiritworld (or astral plane) and Shifts there.

                        sd - Dream Shifting. The Shifter is a Wolf (or 
                             whatever animal) in their dreams, or where 
                             the Shifter changes physically in their 
                             dreams.

                        ss - Spiritual Shift. To those therianthropes who 
                             being a Shifter is a very spiritual thing, 
                             Mental Shift may be regarded as Spiritual.

                        pm - Molecular Shift. Instantaneous physical shift 
                             of the body.
 

                        pc - Classical Shift. The gradual metamorphosis 
                             from human to animal, that usually takes 
                             several minutes.

                        pb - Bilocational Shift. The body (usually) becomes 
                             comatose or in trance and a physical animal 
                             materializes, either in the vicinity or at some
                             distance.

                        pk - Magickal Shift. The transformation is 
                             accomplished through a magickal ritual of 
                             some kind.

                        pp - Possession Shift. The therianthrope send out 
                             his/her spirit to take possession of a real, 
                             live animal.

                        & - Sense Shift. This is used to denote that most, 
                            if not all Shifting is done involuntarily and 
                            that the therianthrope has no or little control
                            over it. It could be placed either after T 
                            (ex. T+++&) or after a particular Shift form 
                            (ex. T+su/sd&)

Degree of Shift: extent (or otherwise) of your shifts may be indicated by use of the + and - modifiers 
between the T and the physical/mental shift variables previously defined.

G - GENDER and ORIENTATION 
Since sex seems to be a preoccupation with some (all?) weres, this letter combination is used to identify 
your gender and personal sexuality or preferred sexual orientation(s). The importance of sex in your life 
can be indicated by use of the - or + qualifiers.

The first letter identifies your physical gender; choose from the following:

                        m  -    Male
                        f  -    Female
                        h  -    Hermaphrodite
                        0  -    Asexual/neuter

Your sexual orientation should be selected from the following:-

                        s  -    straight (heterosexual)
                        g  -    gay
                        b  -    bisexual
                        l  -    lesbian
                        o  -    omnisexual
                        z  -    zoosexual
                        c  -    celibate
                        v  -    virgin

The above can be combined, together with the + and - modifiers, for example if you're a sex-obsessed male 
gay zoophile you could put G+++mgz, whereas a  normally-sexed straight female virgin would be Gfsv.

R - RELIGION 
Identify your religion (or absence thereof) by selection from the following R-attributes:-

                        b  -    Buddhist
                        c  -    Christian (anyone who wants to try and make
                                 sublabels for all the denominations is 
                                 welcome to it....)
                        h  -    Hindu
                        i  -    Shinto
                        j  -    Jewish
                        m  -    Muslim
                        n  -    Native American [is this a religion?]
                        p  -    Pagan (non-Wiccan)
                        s  -    Shamanist
                        w  -    Wiccan
                        !  -    Atheist
                        ?  -    Agnostic

UnaSeal offers this list of Christian sub-demoninations:
ca- Catholic
eo- Eastern Orthodox
oo-Other Othodox
ba- Baptist
pb- Primative Baptist
sb- Southern Baptist
f- Fundamentalist (as a prefix)
mt- Methodist
ms- Missouri Synod Methodist
r- Reorganized, Reformed (as a prefix)
na- new age
ep- Episcopal
sd- Seventh Day Adventists
nd- non-denominational
a- Anglican (as prefix)
ame-African Methodist Episcopal
ac- Apostolic church
bbf-  Baptist Bible Fellowship
bfw- Free-Will Baptists
i- independent (as prefix)
bi- Bible Churches
br- Bretheren
cb- Catholic Byzantine
e- evengelical (as prefix)
ch- Charismatic
dc- Disciples of Christ
cc- Church of Christ
cg- Church of God
lds- Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormon)
ecc- Ecumenical Church
ccv- Church of the Covenant
itc- interdenominational church
sf- Society of Friends (Quakers)
go-Greek Orthodox
jc- Jewish Christian
hc- Hindu Christian 
bdc-Buddhist Christian
u- United (prefix)
al- American Lutheran
lcl- Lutheran Church of the Lutheran Confession
els- Evangelican Lutheran Synod
lms- lutheran, Missourri Synod
lws-Lutheran, Wisonson Synod
m- missionary (prefix)
sva- Salvation Army
mtp-metaphysical/aquarian churches
mnn-Mennonite
ra-Revivalist affiliation
ntc-New Testament Church
pnc- Pentecostal Churches
prs- Presbyterian
rsc-Religious Science
unf- Unification
unt-Unitarian
uty- Unity
sdb- Seventh-Day Baptists
wsl- Wesleyan
tti- Twelve Tribes of Israel
rst- Rastafarian
nca- No church affiliation
scn- Scientology
jw- Jehovah's Witnesses
wfc- Witnesses For Christ
cdp- Christadelphians
tsp- twelve-step program
occ- Other [unspecified] Christian churches

Example:  If I wanted to designate an affilitation with the United Free-Will Baptists, I would probably 
designate it thusly--
                       R: c (fwb+u) 
Note:  The "prefix" was used as a suffix in this instance to eschew obfuscation.

Internet Resources World Wide Web

There are literally hundreds of shapeshifter-related web pages out there. I'll list a few here. if you know of any you think should be included, let me know.

I suppose some of the pack already know about it, but there's an archive of transformation stories at: http://www.t0.or.at/~thomas/tsa/index.html. Most are sex-change stories, but there are four on changing into an animal. Warning: they all have sexual content, and "The Island of Circe" particularly wouldn't interest many of you. But "The She-wolf" is pretty good. -Lyka

Alt.Shift - the AHWW Journal - http://www.algonet.se/~edge/ahww/alt1.htm. I'm unsure if this is still up.

http://ksu.ksu.edu/~slathe/handbook.html (May have been changed by now)

Striker Redwolf: http://www.physics.umd.edu/~kprice and http://www.geocities.com/Area51/Vault/1567

Kevin & Kell, that unholy union of predator and prey, has a web page! If you want a regularly updated page of Kevin & Kell, try this one: http://www.gmcclel.bossnt.com/kk/master.htm

Moonshadow: http://ka.net/moonshadow

Native Book Center - http://www.9to5.com/9to5/NBC

If you don't see your page here, or know of others to add, drop me a line... I know there are many that aren't on here yet.

Internet Relay Chat

To link to IRC, you must be running an IRC client on whatever platform you access the internet with. You can set that client to access the server directly, or access whatever server you like and type /server [server name] to reach the server. IRC is a lot of fun, but it can be quite addictive!

The current official irc server, as many of you know by now, *grin* is irc.catacomb.org 6667. Nuzzles to SabreLion (sabre@wild.net) for making it for us.

An #ahww has also been registered on DALnet: check alt.irc for a list of alternate servers besides irc.dal.net in order to access it.

There are also various were-related rooms, up and down at the whim of the participants, on the EFNET and UNDERNET servers.

FTP

AHWW's official FTP site was, for a long time, run by Lycanthrope (Larry Lyle). Circumstances forced him to discontinue it, but a new mirror site is up: ftp://gerulf.acsu.unsw.edu.au/pub/wolf/. There's quite a bit of interesting stuff here, including Howl pictures and fiction by AHWWers.

Spyder also has an FTP site. In it can be found: wildlife photos (gifs and jpgs) in the Wilderness directory; Werecards (which can also be accessed off the web site) - there are only a few, I think I have more at home, and if yours is missing either email me a copy or drop it in the incoming area on the FTP site; Furrotica (if you don't know, don't ask.)The address is [ftp://ftp.xmission.com/pub/users/s/spyder/]

I also have some items, although I'm limited by space, at ftp://ftp.negia.net/users/katmandu.

ftp://tau-ceti.isc-br.com/pub/Images/ contains some furry artwork.

Striker Redwolf plans on another mirror of Lycanthrope's site, at http://lobo.dorm.umd.edu.

Also of interest is avatar.snc.edu - Home to furry art and artists.

Mud / Muck / Moo

Muds, Mucks, and Moos are online games and virtual worlds that can be accessed with a simple telnet program or clients that handle a lot of the tedious typing for you. Furrymuck may be of interest to AHWWers, and can be reached at furry.org 8888.

I think there are several ahww oriented corners at various MUCKS: I believe that one exists at Virtual Vegas and there's also another one in FurryMUCK: hopefully someone who knows more than I do will contribute to this subject.

Tapestries MUCK is becoming a bit popular for the mature audiences..[telnet://206.40.34.130 2069]

How do I make the chili?

When making truly evil chili, the important thing to keep in mind is that hotter is better. I don't mean temperature-hot, although that's important too (no one likes cold chili)... I mean take-a-bite-and-get-your- tonsils-kicked- out-a-couple-of- seconds-later hot. Spice is all-important. "Long live the spice!" Also, _anything_ can go in chili. _Anything_. Use your imagination and whatever's laying around- chocolate, beer, unidentified spices stuck to the rack, dead cockatiels, whatever. The proportions aren't all that strict, either.. if it tastes good, it is good.

The below proportions make enough chili for five people or two weres with healthy appetites: 
(TBS=Tablespoon, tsp=teaspoon, lbs=pounds, oz=ounce, 2+2=4)

Salt            1/2 TBS
Cayenne Pepper  1/2 tsp
Masa Flour      2 TBS  (corn flour, like for making tortillas)
Cajun Seasoning 4 TBS  *(see note)
Ground Beef     2 lbs
Tomato Sauce    8 oz
Kidney Beans    8 oz (1 can)
Water           2 cups
Tabasco         big-ass bottle
White Onion     1 (chopped)
Garlic          1/2 clove (minced)

Also can be added:

Beer            1 can/bottle (Red-Wolf, of course!)
Dark chocolate, powdered
Spicy sausage   1/2 to 1 pound
Bell/Jalapeno peppers, chopped
Shredded cheddar
whatever else is handy

* Cajun seasoning is mostly salt, red and black pepper, cayenne pepper, and garlic powder... you can mix it up yourself or use commercial... commercial is easier.

Brown the ground beef and cook sausage (if using any). Drain fat. Use to make stinky tallow candles. Add salt, cayenne, flour (for thickness), cajun seasoning, meat(s), tomato sauce, beans, onion, garlic, and water in pot and stir together. Shake in as much tabasco as you think you can stand (add more cayenne if wanted). (Add beer and chocolate and whatever else too; except cheddar). Chili will look very watery... this is ok. Put pot over heat and bring to fast simmer. Simmer until chili is nice and thick... most of the water simmered off. This may take an hour or two if you're making mass quantities! Serve up in bowls with even more tabasco and cheddar. Prepare steam blaster to clean pot. Have lanolin-coated toilet paper near privy.

Note: If you're cooking over an open wood fire, smear liquid dish soap over the outside of the pots before doing anything with them. This way you can wash the soot off much easier when you're done.

Not recommended for those with gastric disorders exacerbated by spicy foods, small children, pregnant women, or untreated steel. EAT AT YOUR OWN RISK!

What are "werecards"?

A werecard is a sort of info-questionnaire; where you can answer questions about yourself and your therianthropy, if any. It's basically just a way of telling folks about yourself all at once, rather than answering a million little questions. It makes a good way to de-lurk. Here's a Blank Werecard. Snip and fill out, if you like; and post the results to the group.


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